Главная 7 Wellness Blog 7 Syphilis During Pregnancy: Testing and Treatment

Syphilis During Pregnancy: Testing and Treatment

Contents

Syphilis During Pregnancy

Syphilis During Pregnancy: Testing and Treatment

Syphilis During Pregnancy: Symptoms, Testing, and Treatment

Pregnancy can be a very fun and exciting time for expecting mothers and families, but along with that excitement can be many sources of stress, such as the state of your own health. It is important to make your primary health care provider aware of any preexisting health issues or diseases. Syphilis during pregnancy is serious, but the good news is that there are things you can do to reduce or avoid any problems for your growing baby.

Syphilis is a contagious infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum and is primarily transmitted through sexual contact. However, if you are an expecting mother with syphilis, congenital syphilis (if the baby gets the infection) is also a possibility. Congenital syphilis results from transplacental transmission of the bacteria to the baby (the bacteria can cross the placenta).

Transmission is possible at any stage of pregnancy and can result in fetal death, or multiple organ problems. It can also affect the ears, eyes, liver, bone marrow, skin, bones, and heart of the fetus. Syphilis also increases the chance of stillborn pregnancy. If the fetus survives to birth, risks include premature birth, low birth weight, congenital syphilis infection, or neonatal death.

However, if you have syphilis, or suspect that you may, there are certain precautions you can take during your pregnancy to limit the chances of passing it on to your developing baby.

How can I get tested for syphilis during pregnancy?

If you suspect that you may have syphilis while pregnant, it is extremely important to get tested. Based on the results, you and your primary healthcare provider can take the necessary precautions in regards to your prenatal health.

See our full article on syphilis to learn more about screening and testing.

A syphilis infection has four different stages that each present different symptoms. The first symptoms will present anywhere from 10 to 90 days after initial infection (the average is 21 days).

Some signs of syphilis include:

 

  • Primary syphilis: the development of one or multiple papules which develops into a clean, painless ulcer (similar to a chancre sore), usually located on the genitals. The sore will often heal four to six weeks after appearing.
  • Secondary syphilis: starting two to ten weeks after the sore heals (or sometimes during its healing process), you may experience a rash, which can cover the whole body (red or brownish rough spots); sores in the mouth, vagina, or anus; grayish or white wart-like growths; fever; swollen lymph nodes; headaches; weight loss; and/or a sore throat and other flu-like symptoms, like fatigue.
  • Latent syphilis: 1-2 months after onset of secondary syphilis, the symptoms may disappear for several years.
  • Late-stage or tertiary syphilis: you may experience neurological and cardiovascular issues, along with problems with other organs. Symptoms depend on the organ affected.
  • Neurosyphilis and Ocular syphilis: these can become issues during any stage of syphilis infection if the bacteria reaches the nervous system or the eyes, respectively. Possible symptoms of neurosyphilis: headaches, movement or coordination issues, changes in behavior, paralysis, dementia, and/or sensory issues. Possible symptoms of ocular syphilis: vision changes, a decrease in visual range, and/or blindness.

 

What kind of treatment would I get for syphilis during pregnancy?

Syphilis During Pregnancy: Testing and Treatment

The good news is that syphilis is easily treated with antibiotics (Penicillin G is the only approved treatment). Treatment will rid your body of the infection, but cannot undo organ/tissue damage that has already occurred. However, it is important to take action early if you even remotely suspect that you might have been exposed to syphilis before or while you are pregnant.

If syphilis goes untreated during pregnancy, what are the risks?

The rate of infection of the fetus during pregnancy in cases of untreated syphilis approaches 100%, resulting in a 40% fetal death rate in infected infants. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there is a 52% higher frequency of women with syphilis experiencing an adverse pregnancy outcome (APO) than women without syphilis.

For babies who survive but are infected, early signs of syphilis may occur during the first 2 years and late signs during the first 2 decades of life. If recognized early, syphilis is easily treated with the appropriate antibiotics and you can go on to have a safe and happy pregnancy as long as you maintain your treatments and get regular care.

In 2015, there were nearly 500 cases of congenital syphilis, transferred through vaginal birth/delivery.

How can having syphilis affect or change my prenatal care?

If you have confirmed syphilis and are being treated regularly, this can decrease chances of the development of congenital syphilis in your baby. But you’ll also want to take other precautions to promote your health and the health of your baby.

 

  • Make sure your OBGYN is aware that you have syphilis.
  • Get prenatal care fast.
  • Get regular screenings and sonograms. This is legally required at the beginning of prenatal care in all states because it is considered absolutely essential for identification of syphilis in infants. This is very important for your baby’s safety. If a baby does contract syphilis from its mother, early detection and treatment are essential in lowering the risks of stillbirth and long-term effects of syphilis.
  • Continue your regular testing regimen, unless a different treatment is recommended by your doctor. Traditional treatment for syphilis prior to pregnancy is considered effective and safe during pregnancy as well.

 

With adequate maternal treatment and good prenatal care, the chances of your baby contracting syphilis are extremely low. Even so, it is highly recommended mothers infected with syphilis have their babies tested regularly until testing is conclusively negative.

 

Похожие статьи

О admin

Оставить комментарий

Этот сайт использует Akismet для борьбы со спамом. Узнайте как обрабатываются ваши данные комментариев.

x

Check Also

Menstruation: A Journey Through Your Cycle, APA

Menstruation: A Journey Through Your Cycle Home / Women's Health / Menstruation: A Journey Through Your Cycle Menstruation is the discharge of blood and tissue from the lining of your uterus that occurs at the beginning of your menstrual cycle.

Best Pregnancy Pillow For Pregnancy (VIDEO) Wellness Blog

Contents 5. Moonlight Slumber Comfort-U Total Body Support Pillow 6. Preggle Chic Jersey XL Extra Long Comfort Air-Flow Body Pillow Discover the Maternity Pregnancy Pillow Pros and Cons! JOIN THE APA NEWSLETTER Maternity Photo Shoot Ideas and Tips   Best Pregnancy Pillow For Pregnancy (VIDEO) W ho could have imagined sleep during pregnancy would become a challenge? Looks like a job for hands down the best pregnancy pillow.

HPV During Pregnancy: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Human Papillomavirus: HPV HPV During Pregnancy: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention HPV, the Genital Human Papillomavirus, is a viral infection that affects nearly 6,200,000 new individuals each year.

Health – Fitness Archives Wellness Blog

Category - Health & Fitness A great way to bond with your baby during pregnancy is to track your baby's development month by month. Labor and birth are the most anticipated part of a pregnancy.

Comité Asesor Médico

Contents Helpful Information Pregnancy Comité Asesor Médico La se compromete a proporcionar usted con la información más precisa y actualizada relacionada con su embarazo reproductiva, y las necesidades de salud sexual.

Premature Ovarian Failure: Premature Menopause

Contents Is there a difference between Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) and Menopause? What are the Symptoms for Premature Ovarian Failure (POF)? What are my options if I have Premature Ovarian Failure (POF)? Premature Ovarian Failure: Premature Menopause Home / Women's Health / Premature Ovarian Failure: Premature Menopause Approximately 1 in every 1000 women between the ages of 15-29 and 1 in every 100 women between the ages of 30-39 are affected by premature ovarian failure (POF) also called premature menopause.

Labor and Delivery Prenatal Classes (VIDEO), APA Wellness Blog

Contents JOIN THE APA NEWSLETTER Bonding with your Baby: Making the Most of the First Six Weeks   Labor and Delivery Prenatal Classes (VIDEO) This is part two of a three-part Prenatal Classes series by midwife Holliday Tyson.

Fibroid Tumors: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Contents Fibroid Tumors: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment What are the different types of fibroids in the uterus? What is the health concerns related to uterine fibroids? Fibroid Tumors; Fibroid Uterus Fibroid Tumors: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment Fibroid tumors are usually undetected non-cancerous masses that grow in the uterus.

Breastfeeding Latch: Proper Positioning

Breastfeeding Latch The most important part of successful breastfeeding is the latch. If your baby is not properly latched on to your breast, feedings could be painful.

Yeast Infections

Yeast Infections A yeast infection occurs when the normal levels of acid and yeast in the vagina are out of balance and cause a very uncomfortable, but not serious, condition called a yeast infection.

Hives During Pregnancy: Causes, Treatment – Prevention

Hives During Pregnancy About 1 in 5 pregnant women experience changes in their skin during pregnancy, including acne, skin darkening, and stretch marks. Although women may feel self-conscious about these new “beauty marks,” skin changes during pregnancy are a normal occurrence.

Genital Herpes

Genital Herpes Genital herpes, also known as herpes simplex virus (HSV), is a viral infection that affects nearly 1,600,000 new individuals each year. Approximately 45 million Americans are currently infected with genital herpes.

Bonding with your Baby: Making the Most of the First Six Weeks Wellness Blog

Bonding with your Baby: Making the Most of the First Six Weeks It doesn’t matter whether you birthed your baby or received that blessing through adoption, it is amazing how many moms hold their newborn baby in their arms and then look up with that puzzled expression on their face and ask the question, now what? The good news is that moms often instinctually know what to do. Most of it is natural, and it comes out of a deep commitment to care and love for that fragile new creation.

Urinary Tract Infection – Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Contents What are the signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections? How do I know if I have a urinary tract infection (UTI)? What is the treatment for urinary tract infections? Urinary Tract Infection: Bladder Infection Home / Women's Health / Urinary Tract Infection: Bladder Infection A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial inflammation in the urinary tract.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), American Pregnancy on PMS

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) & Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Home / Women's Health / Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) & Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Approximately 85% of women who menstruate report changes in the days or weeks before their menstruation that cause problems that affect their normal lives.

Abnormal Pap Smear

Abnormal Pap Smear Women are encouraged to start getting yearly Pap smears at the age of 21 or within 3 years of becoming sexually active. Pap smears are not diagnostic tests, but they are screening tools used to find any abnormal cells or dysplasia in the cervix.

Donor Milk: Is It Safe?

Donor Milk Breastmilk is the prefect food for your baby, and the best breastmilk is your own. However, if you cannot provide breastmilk, donor milk may be available from your hospital or local milk bank.

Introducing the Bottle to Your Baby: Getting Started

Introducing the Bottle Once breastfeeding is going well, your baby can begin drinking your breast milk from a bottle. You should avoid feeding your baby with a bottle if there are any problems with nursing at your breast, because it can confuse your baby and increase the breastfeeding difficulties.

Tipped Uterus: Tilted Uterus

Tipped Uterus: Tilted Uterus The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped organ where a developing fetus will grow. The uterus is normally in a straight vertical position.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that affects over 700,000 new individuals each year. The current number of cases is unknown. It is common for individuals infected to not have any symptoms.

Breastfeeding While Pregnant: Safety and Challenges

Breastfeeding While Pregnant Breastfeeding During Pregnancy: Safety and Challenges You may have just started adjusting to breastfeeding only to find out you are pregnant again.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects nearly 73,000 new individuals each year. Approximately 1,250,000 people in the United States are carriers of this disease.

Nutrition During Breastfeeding

Nutrition During Breastfeeding Home / Breastfeeding / Nutrition During Breastfeeding To Breastfeed or Not to Breastfeed? If you are expecting, you are probably giving some thought to how you will feed your bundle of joy once she enters the world.

Ovarian Cancer Resources

Contents What are clinical trials and how can I enroll in one? I’ve been diagnosed with ovarian cancer. Where can I find help & support? Ovarian Cancer Resources If you’ve been diagnosed with ovarian cancer, you probably have a lot of questions.