Главная 7 Wellness Blog 7 Infertility Terms to Know

Infertility Terms to Know

Infertility Terms to Know

Infertility Terms to Know

Adverse outcome: A pregnancy that does not result in a live birth, including miscarriage, induced terminations, and stillbirths.

ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology): Any procedure where eggs are surgically removed from a woman’s ovaries and combined with sperm to assist a woman in getting pregnant. ART procedures include in vitro fertilization (IVF), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT).

ART cycle: The process includes 1) an ART procedure, 2) ovarian stimulation, or 3) frozen embryos thawed for transfer into a woman. This process begins when a woman starts fertility medications or has her ovaries monitored for follicle production.

Canceled cycle: An ART cycle in which ovarian stimulation was carried out but was stopped before eggs were retrieved, or in the case of frozen embryo cycles, before embryos were transferred. The reasons a cycle may be have been cancelled include: undeveloped eggs, patient became ill, or the patient chose to stop treatment.

Combination cycle: An ART cycle which uses more than one ART procedure. Combination cycles usually combine IVF with either GIFT or ZIFT.

Concentration of motile sperm: A measurement of the sperm that can readily swim to fertilize the egg. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there should be a minimum of 10 million motile sperm per milliliter of semen.

Cryopreservation: The process of freezing extra embryos from a couple’s ART cycle for potential future use.

Diminished ovarian reserve: A diagnosed condition which means the ability of the ovary to produce eggs is reduced. The reasons may either be congenital, medical, surgical causes or advanced maternal age (older than 40).

Donor egg cycle: An embryo is formed from the donor egg of one woman (the donor) and then transferred to another woman who is unable to use her own eggs (the recipient). All parental rights are relinquished by the donor.

Donor embryo: An embryo that is donated by a couple who previously underwent ART treatment and had extra embryos available. All parental rights are relinquished by the donor couple.

Ectopic pregnancy: A pregnancy in which the fertilized egg implants in a location outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube, the ovary, or the abdominal cavity.

Egg: A female reproductive cell, also called an oocyte or ovum.

Egg retrieval (also called oocyte retrieval): A procedure to collect the eggs contained in the ovarian follicles.

Egg transfer (also called oocyte transfer): The procedure of transferring retrieved eggs into a woman’s fallopian tubes through laparoscopy; this procedure is used only in GIFT.

Embryo: An egg that has been fertilized by a sperm and undergone one or more divisions.

Embryo transfer: The procedure of placing an embryo into a woman’s uterus through the cervix after in vitro fertilization (IVF). During the process of zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT), the embryos are placed in a woman’s fallopian tube.

Endometriosis: A medical condition that involves the presence of tissue similar to the uterine lining in abnormal locations. This condition can affect both fertilization of the egg and embryo implantation.

Fertilization: The penetration of the egg by the sperm and the resulting combining of genetic material that develops into an embryo.

Fetus: The unborn offspring from the eighth week after conception to the moment of birth.

Follicle: A structure in the ovaries that contains a developing egg.

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH): A hormone produced by the pituitary gland that helps an egg mature and be released. High levels of FSH indicate ovarian reserve is low and chances of conception are poor.

Fresh eggs, sperm, or embryos: Eggs, sperm, or embryos that have not been frozen. However, fresh embryos may have been conceived using either fresh or frozen sperm.

Frozen embryo cycle: An ART cycle in which frozen (cryopreserved) embryos are thawed and transferred to the woman.

Gamete: A reproductive cell, either a sperm or an egg.

GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer): An ART procedure that involves removing eggs from the woman’s ovary, combining them with sperm, and using a laparoscope to place the unfertilized eggs and sperm into the woman’s fallopian tube through small incisions in her abdomen.

Gestational carrier (also called a gestational surrogate): A woman who carries an embryo that was formed from the egg of another woman. The gestational carrier usually has a contractual obligation to return the infant to its intended parents.

Gestational sac: A fluid-filled structure that develops within the uterus early in pregnancy. In a normal pregnancy, a gestational sac contains a developing fetus.

Home fertility screening: Over-the-counter fertility testing kits that allow for screening for both men and women.

ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection): A procedure in which a single sperm is injected directly into an egg; this procedure is most commonly used to overcome male infertility problems.

Induced abortion: A surgical or other medical procedure used to end a pregnancy.

IUI (intrauterine insemination): A medical procedure that involves placing sperm into a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. IUI is not considered an ART procedure because it does not involve the manipulation of eggs.

IVF (in vitro fertilization): An ART procedure that involves removing eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them outside her body. The resulting embryos are then transferred into the woman’s uterus through the cervix.

Laparoscopy: A surgical procedure in which a fiber optic instrument (a laparoscope) is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen to view the inside of the pelvis.

Live birth: The delivery of one or more babies with any signs of life.

Male factor: Any cause of infertility due to low sperm count or problems with sperm function that make it difficult for a sperm to fertilize an egg under normal conditions.

Miscarriage (also called spontaneous abortion): A pregnancy ending in the spontaneous loss of the embryo or fetus before 20 weeks of gestation.

Multi-fetal pregnancy reduction: This procedure is also known as selective reduction. A procedure used to decrease the number of fetuses a woman carries and improve the chances that the remaining fetuses will develop into healthy infants. Multi-fetal reductions that occur naturally are referred to as spontaneous reductions.

Multiple factors, female only: This diagnostic category means that more than one female infertility cause was diagnosed.

Multiple factors, female and male: A diagnostic category used when one or more female/male infertility causes are diagnosed together.

Multiple-infant birth: A pregnancy that results in the birth of more than one infant.

Multiple-fetus pregnancy: A pregnancy with two or more fetuses, determined by the number of fetal hearts observed on an ultrasound performed early in pregnancy.

Oocyte: The female reproductive cell, also called an egg.

Other causes of infertility: These include immunological problems, chromosomal abnormalities, cancer, chemotherapy, and serious illnesses.

Ovarian monitoring: The use of ultrasound and/or blood or urine tests to monitor follicle development and hormone production.

Ovarian reserve: Refers to a woman’s fertility potential in the absence of problems in her reproductive tract (fallopian tubes, uterus or vagina).

Ovarian stimulation: The use of medications to stimulate the ovaries to develop follicles and eggs.

Ovulatory dysfunction: A diagnostic category used when a woman’s ovaries are not producing eggs normally. It includes polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and multiple ovarian cysts.

Pregnancy (clinical): A pregnancy documented by ultrasound that shows a gestational sac in the uterus. For ART data collection purposes, pregnancy is defined as a clinical pregnancy rather than a chemical pregnancy (i.e., a positive pregnancy test).

Pregnancy Symptoms: A group of physical changes that occur in a woman’s body related to pregnancy and the increased levels of the hCG hormone.

Sperm: The male reproductive cell.

Sperm motility: The sperm’s ability to readily swim forward to fertilize the egg. Also referred to as sperm mobility.

Stillbirth: Fetal death that occurs after 20 weeks gestation.

Stimulated cycle: An ART cycle in which a woman receives oral or injected fertility drugs to stimulate her ovaries to produce more follicles.

Thawed embryo cycle: Same as frozen embryo cycle.

Tubal factor: A diagnostic category used when the woman’s fallopian tubes are blocked or damaged, making it difficult for the egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to travel to the uterus.

Ultrasound: A technique used in ART for visualizing the follicles in the ovaries, the gestational sac, or the fetus.

Unexplained cause of infertility: A diagnostic category used when no cause of infertility is found in either the woman or the man.

Unstimulated cycle: An ART cycle in which the woman does not receive drugs to stimulate her ovaries to produce more follicles. Instead, follicles develop naturally.

Uterine factor: A structural or functional disorder of the uterus that results in reduced fertility.

ZIFT (zygote intrafallopian transfer): An ART procedure in which eggs are collected from a woman’s ovary and fertilized outside her body. A laparoscope is then used to place the resulting zygote (fertilized egg) into the woman’s fallopian tube through a small incision in her abdomen.

 

Похожие статьи

  • Labor and Birth: Terms to Know

    Labor Birth Terms to Know Abruptio Placenta (Placental Abruption): The placenta has started to separate from the uterine wall before the baby is born….

  • What is Infertility? American Pregnancy Association

    What is Infertility? Infertility is a condition of the reproductive system that prevents the conception of children. It affects approximately 10-15% of…

  • Infertility and Acupuncture

    Contents Are the acupuncture points different after an insemination, IVF, or donor-egg transfer than before? What are the risks of using acupuncture with…

  • Infertility

    Have you heard of In-vitro maturation, or IVM? It is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) that involves collecting eggs from a woman before they are…

  • Fertility – Infertility FAQs

    Contents Is infertility a medical problem related to the woman only? How long should a couple try to conceive before going to the doctor? Can you find…

О admin

Оставить комментарий

Этот сайт использует Akismet для борьбы со спамом. Узнайте как обрабатываются ваши данные комментариев.

x

Check Also

Menstruation: A Journey Through Your Cycle, APA

Menstruation: A Journey Through Your Cycle Home / Women's Health / Menstruation: A Journey Through Your Cycle Menstruation is the discharge of blood and tissue from the lining of your uterus that occurs at the beginning of your menstrual cycle.

Best Pregnancy Pillow For Pregnancy (VIDEO) Wellness Blog

Contents 5. Moonlight Slumber Comfort-U Total Body Support Pillow 6. Preggle Chic Jersey XL Extra Long Comfort Air-Flow Body Pillow Discover the Maternity Pregnancy Pillow Pros and Cons! JOIN THE APA NEWSLETTER Maternity Photo Shoot Ideas and Tips   Best Pregnancy Pillow For Pregnancy (VIDEO) W ho could have imagined sleep during pregnancy would become a challenge? Looks like a job for hands down the best pregnancy pillow.

HPV During Pregnancy: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Human Papillomavirus: HPV HPV During Pregnancy: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention HPV, the Genital Human Papillomavirus, is a viral infection that affects nearly 6,200,000 new individuals each year.

Health – Fitness Archives Wellness Blog

Category - Health & Fitness A great way to bond with your baby during pregnancy is to track your baby's development month by month. Labor and birth are the most anticipated part of a pregnancy.

Comité Asesor Médico

Contents Helpful Information Pregnancy Comité Asesor Médico La se compromete a proporcionar usted con la información más precisa y actualizada relacionada con su embarazo reproductiva, y las necesidades de salud sexual.

Premature Ovarian Failure: Premature Menopause

Contents Is there a difference between Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) and Menopause? What are the Symptoms for Premature Ovarian Failure (POF)? What are my options if I have Premature Ovarian Failure (POF)? Premature Ovarian Failure: Premature Menopause Home / Women's Health / Premature Ovarian Failure: Premature Menopause Approximately 1 in every 1000 women between the ages of 15-29 and 1 in every 100 women between the ages of 30-39 are affected by premature ovarian failure (POF) also called premature menopause.

Labor and Delivery Prenatal Classes (VIDEO), APA Wellness Blog

Contents JOIN THE APA NEWSLETTER Bonding with your Baby: Making the Most of the First Six Weeks   Labor and Delivery Prenatal Classes (VIDEO) This is part two of a three-part Prenatal Classes series by midwife Holliday Tyson.

Fibroid Tumors: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Contents Fibroid Tumors: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment What are the different types of fibroids in the uterus? What is the health concerns related to uterine fibroids? Fibroid Tumors; Fibroid Uterus Fibroid Tumors: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment Fibroid tumors are usually undetected non-cancerous masses that grow in the uterus.

Breastfeeding Latch: Proper Positioning

Breastfeeding Latch The most important part of successful breastfeeding is the latch. If your baby is not properly latched on to your breast, feedings could be painful.

Yeast Infections

Yeast Infections A yeast infection occurs when the normal levels of acid and yeast in the vagina are out of balance and cause a very uncomfortable, but not serious, condition called a yeast infection.

Hives During Pregnancy: Causes, Treatment – Prevention

Hives During Pregnancy About 1 in 5 pregnant women experience changes in their skin during pregnancy, including acne, skin darkening, and stretch marks. Although women may feel self-conscious about these new “beauty marks,” skin changes during pregnancy are a normal occurrence.

Genital Herpes

Genital Herpes Genital herpes, also known as herpes simplex virus (HSV), is a viral infection that affects nearly 1,600,000 new individuals each year. Approximately 45 million Americans are currently infected with genital herpes.

Bonding with your Baby: Making the Most of the First Six Weeks Wellness Blog

Bonding with your Baby: Making the Most of the First Six Weeks It doesn’t matter whether you birthed your baby or received that blessing through adoption, it is amazing how many moms hold their newborn baby in their arms and then look up with that puzzled expression on their face and ask the question, now what? The good news is that moms often instinctually know what to do. Most of it is natural, and it comes out of a deep commitment to care and love for that fragile new creation.

Urinary Tract Infection – Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Contents What are the signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections? How do I know if I have a urinary tract infection (UTI)? What is the treatment for urinary tract infections? Urinary Tract Infection: Bladder Infection Home / Women's Health / Urinary Tract Infection: Bladder Infection A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial inflammation in the urinary tract.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), American Pregnancy on PMS

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) & Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Home / Women's Health / Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) & Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Approximately 85% of women who menstruate report changes in the days or weeks before their menstruation that cause problems that affect their normal lives.

Abnormal Pap Smear

Abnormal Pap Smear Women are encouraged to start getting yearly Pap smears at the age of 21 or within 3 years of becoming sexually active. Pap smears are not diagnostic tests, but they are screening tools used to find any abnormal cells or dysplasia in the cervix.

Donor Milk: Is It Safe?

Donor Milk Breastmilk is the prefect food for your baby, and the best breastmilk is your own. However, if you cannot provide breastmilk, donor milk may be available from your hospital or local milk bank.

Introducing the Bottle to Your Baby: Getting Started

Introducing the Bottle Once breastfeeding is going well, your baby can begin drinking your breast milk from a bottle. You should avoid feeding your baby with a bottle if there are any problems with nursing at your breast, because it can confuse your baby and increase the breastfeeding difficulties.

Tipped Uterus: Tilted Uterus

Tipped Uterus: Tilted Uterus The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped organ where a developing fetus will grow. The uterus is normally in a straight vertical position.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that affects over 700,000 new individuals each year. The current number of cases is unknown. It is common for individuals infected to not have any symptoms.

Breastfeeding While Pregnant: Safety and Challenges

Breastfeeding While Pregnant Breastfeeding During Pregnancy: Safety and Challenges You may have just started adjusting to breastfeeding only to find out you are pregnant again.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects nearly 73,000 new individuals each year. Approximately 1,250,000 people in the United States are carriers of this disease.

Nutrition During Breastfeeding

Nutrition During Breastfeeding Home / Breastfeeding / Nutrition During Breastfeeding To Breastfeed or Not to Breastfeed? If you are expecting, you are probably giving some thought to how you will feed your bundle of joy once she enters the world.

Ovarian Cancer Resources

Contents What are clinical trials and how can I enroll in one? I’ve been diagnosed with ovarian cancer. Where can I find help & support? Ovarian Cancer Resources If you’ve been diagnosed with ovarian cancer, you probably have a lot of questions.