Главная 7 Wellness Blog 7 Birth Control Pills: Benefits, Risks and Effectiveness

Birth Control Pills: Benefits, Risks and Effectiveness


Birth Control Pills

Birth Control Pills: Benefits, Risks and Effectiveness

Birth Control Pills: Benefits, Risks and Effectiveness

Birth control pills or oral contraceptives use synthetic hormones to prevent pregnancy. There are two types: combined and progesterone only. Combined pills contain synthetic forms of estrogen and progesterone. Oral contraceptives are commonly used to treat menstrual problems and decrease acne.

Oral contraceptives are designed to prevent pregnancy in one of three ways:

  • Prevent ovulation each month.
  • The cervix produces less and thicker mucus so that sperm cannot easily enter the uterus.
  • The lining of the uterus becomes thinner, making it more difficult for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus should ovulation occur and fertilization take place.

Oral contraceptives are obtained through a prescription from your healthcare provider. Oral contraceptives usually come in a package of 28 pills that contain 21 active pills with hormones and 7 placebo pills.

You are encouraged to take the pills at the same time every day.

What if I forget to take some of my oral contraceptives?

If you forget to take some of the pills, you will have menstrual bleeding at irregular times, and the likelihood of pregnancy increases. When you forget to take a pill, take it as soon as you can. Take your next pill at the usual time. If you forget to take two or more pills in a row, you should refrain from sexual intercourse or use a back up method of contraception. You also should contact your health care professional on what to do next.

If pills are taken every day at the same time, and each pack is started on time, oral contraceptives are 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. On average, oral contraceptives are 93-97% effective because women often miss pills or do not start a new pack on time. Contact your healthcare provider if you are experiencing any pregnancy symptoms.

What are the side effects or health risks of oral contraceptives?

The dosage of hormones has decreased over the years; subsequently the risk associated with birth control pills has declined tremendously.


  • Pills may cause nausea, breast tenderness, irregular spotting, weight gain, mood changes or headaches.
  • Blood clots are a potential risk . Two in 10,000 women will experience blood clots as compared to one in 10,000 women for those who do not use oral contraceptives.
  • You should not use oral contraceptives if you have a history of stroke, heart attacks, blood clots, liver disease, breast cancer or are over 35 years old and smoke.
  • You should consult your physician about oral contraceptives or alternative contraception methods if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or other risk factors for cardiovascular disease.


What are the health benefits of oral contraceptives?

  • Periods are usually lighter with less cramping
  • If used for several years, the chance of developing cancer of the ovaries and uterus are decreased
  • Decreases cysts on the ovaries, endometriosis, anemia, and fibrocystic breast disease

Yes. Most women ovulate and have their menstrual cycle within four to six weeks once they stop taking the pills. If you have not had a menstrual cycle for two to three months after stopping the pill, a pregnancy test should be performed and a health care provider contacted.

The initial physical exam in your healthcare provider’s office could range from $20 to $200. The monthly fee for each supply of pills ranges from $5 to $30 or more, depending on your medical coverage.

What about oral contraceptives and sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s)?

Oral contraceptives do NOT provide any protection against any sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV.

The Pros of Oral Contraceptives include:


  • Low failure rate if used daily as directed
  • Does not interrupt foreplay or sexual intercourse
  • Research for over 40 years has proven long term safety
  • Moderately priced
  • Easy to use


The Cons of Oral Contraceptives include:


  • Requires a prescription
  • Potential side effects like nausea and breast tenderness
  • Chance of blood clots in legs and lungs
  • Must be taken every day at the same time
  • No protection against STD’s



Похожие статьи

О admin

Оставить комментарий

Этот сайт использует Akismet для борьбы со спамом. Узнайте как обрабатываются ваши данные комментариев.


Check Also

Menstruation: A Journey Through Your Cycle, APA

Menstruation: A Journey Through Your Cycle Home / Women's Health / Menstruation: A Journey Through Your Cycle Menstruation is the discharge of blood and tissue from the lining of your uterus that occurs at the beginning of your menstrual cycle.

Best Pregnancy Pillow For Pregnancy (VIDEO) Wellness Blog

Contents 5. Moonlight Slumber Comfort-U Total Body Support Pillow 6. Preggle Chic Jersey XL Extra Long Comfort Air-Flow Body Pillow Discover the Maternity Pregnancy Pillow Pros and Cons! JOIN THE APA NEWSLETTER Maternity Photo Shoot Ideas and Tips   Best Pregnancy Pillow For Pregnancy (VIDEO) W ho could have imagined sleep during pregnancy would become a challenge? Looks like a job for hands down the best pregnancy pillow.

HPV During Pregnancy: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Human Papillomavirus: HPV HPV During Pregnancy: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention HPV, the Genital Human Papillomavirus, is a viral infection that affects nearly 6,200,000 new individuals each year.

Health – Fitness Archives Wellness Blog

Category - Health & Fitness A great way to bond with your baby during pregnancy is to track your baby's development month by month. Labor and birth are the most anticipated part of a pregnancy.

Comité Asesor Médico

Contents Helpful Information Pregnancy Comité Asesor Médico La se compromete a proporcionar usted con la información más precisa y actualizada relacionada con su embarazo reproductiva, y las necesidades de salud sexual.

Premature Ovarian Failure: Premature Menopause

Contents Is there a difference between Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) and Menopause? What are the Symptoms for Premature Ovarian Failure (POF)? What are my options if I have Premature Ovarian Failure (POF)? Premature Ovarian Failure: Premature Menopause Home / Women's Health / Premature Ovarian Failure: Premature Menopause Approximately 1 in every 1000 women between the ages of 15-29 and 1 in every 100 women between the ages of 30-39 are affected by premature ovarian failure (POF) also called premature menopause.

Labor and Delivery Prenatal Classes (VIDEO), APA Wellness Blog

Contents JOIN THE APA NEWSLETTER Bonding with your Baby: Making the Most of the First Six Weeks   Labor and Delivery Prenatal Classes (VIDEO) This is part two of a three-part Prenatal Classes series by midwife Holliday Tyson.

Fibroid Tumors: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Contents Fibroid Tumors: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment What are the different types of fibroids in the uterus? What is the health concerns related to uterine fibroids? Fibroid Tumors; Fibroid Uterus Fibroid Tumors: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment Fibroid tumors are usually undetected non-cancerous masses that grow in the uterus.

Breastfeeding Latch: Proper Positioning

Breastfeeding Latch The most important part of successful breastfeeding is the latch. If your baby is not properly latched on to your breast, feedings could be painful.

Yeast Infections

Yeast Infections A yeast infection occurs when the normal levels of acid and yeast in the vagina are out of balance and cause a very uncomfortable, but not serious, condition called a yeast infection.

Hives During Pregnancy: Causes, Treatment – Prevention

Hives During Pregnancy About 1 in 5 pregnant women experience changes in their skin during pregnancy, including acne, skin darkening, and stretch marks. Although women may feel self-conscious about these new “beauty marks,” skin changes during pregnancy are a normal occurrence.

Genital Herpes

Genital Herpes Genital herpes, also known as herpes simplex virus (HSV), is a viral infection that affects nearly 1,600,000 new individuals each year. Approximately 45 million Americans are currently infected with genital herpes.

Bonding with your Baby: Making the Most of the First Six Weeks Wellness Blog

Bonding with your Baby: Making the Most of the First Six Weeks It doesn’t matter whether you birthed your baby or received that blessing through adoption, it is amazing how many moms hold their newborn baby in their arms and then look up with that puzzled expression on their face and ask the question, now what? The good news is that moms often instinctually know what to do. Most of it is natural, and it comes out of a deep commitment to care and love for that fragile new creation.

Urinary Tract Infection – Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Contents What are the signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections? How do I know if I have a urinary tract infection (UTI)? What is the treatment for urinary tract infections? Urinary Tract Infection: Bladder Infection Home / Women's Health / Urinary Tract Infection: Bladder Infection A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial inflammation in the urinary tract.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), American Pregnancy on PMS

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) & Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Home / Women's Health / Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) & Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Approximately 85% of women who menstruate report changes in the days or weeks before their menstruation that cause problems that affect their normal lives.

Abnormal Pap Smear

Abnormal Pap Smear Women are encouraged to start getting yearly Pap smears at the age of 21 or within 3 years of becoming sexually active. Pap smears are not diagnostic tests, but they are screening tools used to find any abnormal cells or dysplasia in the cervix.

Donor Milk: Is It Safe?

Donor Milk Breastmilk is the prefect food for your baby, and the best breastmilk is your own. However, if you cannot provide breastmilk, donor milk may be available from your hospital or local milk bank.

Introducing the Bottle to Your Baby: Getting Started

Introducing the Bottle Once breastfeeding is going well, your baby can begin drinking your breast milk from a bottle. You should avoid feeding your baby with a bottle if there are any problems with nursing at your breast, because it can confuse your baby and increase the breastfeeding difficulties.

Tipped Uterus: Tilted Uterus

Tipped Uterus: Tilted Uterus The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped organ where a developing fetus will grow. The uterus is normally in a straight vertical position.


Gonorrhea Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that affects over 700,000 new individuals each year. The current number of cases is unknown. It is common for individuals infected to not have any symptoms.

Breastfeeding While Pregnant: Safety and Challenges

Breastfeeding While Pregnant Breastfeeding During Pregnancy: Safety and Challenges You may have just started adjusting to breastfeeding only to find out you are pregnant again.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects nearly 73,000 new individuals each year. Approximately 1,250,000 people in the United States are carriers of this disease.

Nutrition During Breastfeeding

Nutrition During Breastfeeding Home / Breastfeeding / Nutrition During Breastfeeding To Breastfeed or Not to Breastfeed? If you are expecting, you are probably giving some thought to how you will feed your bundle of joy once she enters the world.

Ovarian Cancer Resources

Contents What are clinical trials and how can I enroll in one? I’ve been diagnosed with ovarian cancer. Where can I find help & support? Ovarian Cancer Resources If you’ve been diagnosed with ovarian cancer, you probably have a lot of questions.