Violation of the pronunciation of sounds is serious or not
Violations of sound in speech therapy are considered to be the easiest problem, yet its relevance does not diminish. More often than others, whistling (c, s, q), hissing (w, x, h, ni), sonoras (p, n), d are violated. Although the pronunciation of any sound, even a vowel, can be violated. Some parents are worried about this, they listen to the recommendations of specialists, their children are engaged with a speech therapist before school, and there is a category of parents who ignore this problem, considering it only cosmetic, and they think that it is not worth spending neither time nor money. This opinion is erroneous. And many mothers think so only because they do not have further information.
Let’s try to understand:
- why All the same, some children speak competently and beautifully, while others do not,
- than the violation of pronunciation threatens in the future,
- what to do, to try to avoid these violations.
The reasons may be:
- the child did not find the right position of the language, for pure sound,
- the child has a disruption in the structure of the articulatory apparatus (short sublingual frenum, too small or too large a tongue, forked tongue, bite, dentition, or lack of teeth),
- violation of the innervation of the tongue, cheeks, lips, increased or decreased tone of the muscles of the face and articulatory apparatus,
- reduced physiological hearing,
- the phonemematic processes are not formed (from the Greek phonema – the sound of speech): the child confounds sounds, replaces one sound with another, changes the sounds in words in places, can not determine the first, last sounds, the sequence of sounds and syllables in words; it is difficult for such children to learn a verse, they often do not understand long questions, when teaching to read and write, they can not perform sound and syllabic analysis of words, stress, determine the number of words in a sentence, break the text into sentences,
- decrease in the level of intellectual development,
- adverse speech environment (adults or children, surrounding the child have speech defects, or illegible speech),
- also one of the factors may be heredity
- pedagogical neglect (not enough time was spent to educate and educate the child).