High fever: what to do and how to knock
The increased body temperature in the infant is not a disease in itself, it is only a symptom of the disease. Frequent causes of fever in newborns are acute bacterial and viral infections. Also, the temperature can jump from overheating, emotional stress, dehydration, reaction to vaccination, teething, CNS damage.
It is known that at temperatures up to 39 ° C almost all known viruses and bacteria die, polluting the organism. At the same time, intoxication occurs and, as a consequence, the temperature rises, which activates the immune system.
When the body temperature is high, the infant needs to focus not only on the thermometer, but also on the behavior of the baby. If in general the condition of the newborn is normal and the behavior is adequate – to lower the temperature with medical preparations should not be rushed.
Experts from the World Health Organization (WHO) recommend not to lower the temperature by taking the medication, even if it reaches 39 ° C, provided that the child normally transfers it and remains active. You can try to reduce it physically – remove an additional layer of clothing from your child or undress completely (air baths), ventilate the room, wipe with cool water.
But if the baby has a pale appearance, palms and feet are cold, inadequate behavior (apathetic, capricious, refuses to eat and drink), and the temperature within 38 – most likely, without the help of a doctor and drugs can not do.
There is a separate category of children who are better off not allowing the temperature to rise to 38 ° C. It:
- the child of the first two months of life;
- a child who had convulsions in previous cases of high fever;
- children with chronic diseases.
Read the article: how to measure the temperature of a newborn baby (Rules and methods for measuring temperature in newborns: in the armpit by a mercury or digital thermometer, rectally, a frontal thermometer, a thermometer-pacifier, in the ear with an ear thermometer.)
If the baby has a temperature of 37 ° C, the child is active, eats well, he has a normal stool; Do not worry, tk. this can be an individual feature and does not require any additional treatment, because the children of the first year of life have not yet fully formed the function of thermoregulation and they are able both to quickly overheat and supercool. (See: Infant-to-Child Temperature 37)