Cough in infants; the reasons, how and what to treat (medicines)
With the arrival of cold weather, a period of colds is coming. Babies are particularly vulnerable, because their immunity is only learning to fight off alien bacteria. Hearing a cough from the baby, a young mother may become confused and not respond in time, although this is a very serious symptom. In this article, we will look at the causes of coughing, how to treat cough in newborn infants, and review the popular cough medicine for the youngest.
First of all, it is necessary to recognize the nature of the cough.
A child’s cough can be:
By its intensity and sound it is possible to understand whether the cause lies in the disease or something that prevents the normal functioning of the respiratory tract. So, the most common causes of coughing in an infant.
More than in 90% of cases cough is the first symptom of a beginning ARVI. The baby occasionally coughs, the intensity of the cough increases in the evening and night. Throat is red, inflamed. The cells begin to secrete phlegm. The cough that lasts for more than 2 weeks is very dangerous. Immunity is weakened, the process can become chronic.
2. Inflammatory process of the upper respiratory tract
Characterized by an obsessive cough, at first dry. Very painful for the child. When the condition is neglected, it can threaten complications. The most dangerous; a false croup. With it, the walls of the throat abruptly narrow, the child, due to a lack of oxygen, starts wheezing and gasping hoarsely. The disease requires immediate medical attention.
It can provoke a perspiration in the neck. If the baby has a strong cough that does not have the prerequisites for the disease, you should pay attention to the normalization of humidity in the room of the newborn baby.
With inflammation of the middle ear, the child begins a reflex cough. This is the body’s reaction to this inflammation. When pressing on the earlobe the child makes a sharp shriek; hence, the reason is in the earache. The best option is to call an emergency ambulance.
If a foreign object has entered the respiratory tract of the child; any; urgently call 03. The life of the child is under threat and the account of time goes for seconds. Do not knock on the back and do not try; this object is outward; you can achieve that he stays in the trachea or bronchi.
Is the room smoky, or too gassy on the street? Do not be surprised that your child will begin to cough incessantly. The longer you will be in such conditions, the more harmful substances will be absorbed by the immature and tender, light babies.
Treatment for cough both with and without temperature should be done only under the supervision of a pediatrician. At the first symptoms you need to proceed to the prescribed therapy.
An excellent tool for treating cough at the initial stage; nebulizer . Pour into a glass 5 ml of fiz. solution (sold in a pharmacy within 50 rubles.) and let the child breathe for 5-7 minutes. Mucous membranes will be moistened, sputum will become less viscous. You can repeat the procedure twice a day. This method is effective when there is a cough without temperature.
With the temperature, jokes are bad. With a cough and a temperature of 38.5, most likely you and the baby are hospitalized in a hospital. Do not be afraid to get there, it's better not to take risks and be under the supervision of specialists. The main thing ; health of your child, and temporary inconvenience can be tolerated.
Remember: all medications can be prescribed only by a doctor! This review is only informative.
- With a damp cough, a drug is needed to help clear phlegm. Well-established syrups on herbs: Gedelix and Prospan . They gently dilute sputum, have a sweet taste, are used twice a day.
- With a dry cough homeopathic syrup helps Stolid and homeopathic preparation Oscillococcinum (granules for dissolution in water). Homeopathy has no contraindications, can be used in conjunction with the main treatment.
- Ease breathing and soften cough plasters Sopelka . They are glued to clothing, impregnated with extracts of useful herbs, which have a beneficial effect on the mucous membranes of the nose and larynx.
- Sprays infants are contraindicated because of the danger of suffocation. However, when a strong inflammatory process possible application Spray Tantum Verde . It has a sweet aftertaste, softens the sore throat and dulls coughing attacks.