Symptoms and Treatment of Staphylococcus aureus
Modern medicine knows many kinds of staphylococcal infections. Such infections are susceptible to both adults and infants. Symptoms of staphylococcus in infants are easily confused with the symptoms of any other infection, so when the first signs appear, you need to see a doctor immediately.
Staphylococcus bacteria can be found on the mucous membranes, on the skin, and also in the intestines. Based on the location of the bacteria, all staphylococcal infections are divided into three different types:
- Saprophytic staphylococcus (in which bacteria are located on the mucous membranes);
- Epidermal staphylococcus (in which bacteria are on the surface of the skin);
- Staphylococcus aureus (the most dangerous species, the bacteria are located in the intestine, as well as on the mucous membranes of the nose or throat).
Symptoms of staphylococcus differ depending on the stage of the disease. The early stage is manifested by the following symptoms:
- a sharp increase in the body temperature of the child (more than 38 ° C);
- repeated vomiting, diarrhea.
The later stage manifests itself within 4-5 days from the onset of the disease. The first thing you need to pay attention to is a rash on the baby’s skin. If even small purulent rashes appear, you should immediately call your doctor. If the treatment is not started on time, these rashes can gradually affect the child’s internal organs, and subsequently; cause sepsis (blood poisoning).
To diagnose staphylococcal infection, the doctor usually prescribes tests. Depending on the possible localization, scrapings from skin, nasal mucosa, a general blood test and stool analysis for staphylococcus are prescribed.
Staphylococcus bacteria are usually transmitted:
- Airborne droplets (when located with the infected in the immediate vicinity – less than 1 meter);
- By a food way (at infection by a staphilococcus of some food stuffs – milk, meat products, etc.);
- By the household way (due to the use of non-sterile medical instruments, non-observance of personal hygiene rules).
Babies often get infected through the umbilical wound, through the nipple cracking in the mother’s breast during breastfeeding, and also on the territory of medical institutions (in particular, surgical and maternity wards). Children with weakened immune system, frequent dysbiosis and colds are at the main risk group for infection with staphylococcal infection.
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