What provokes Staphylococcus aureus in newborns. We disassemble the causes and methods of infection therapy
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most common pathogens. For the first time, the bacterium was discovered in the 19th century by Alexander Ogston, who was studying surgical purulent wounds. The pathogenic microorganism is a gram-positive globular type of the simplest of the family of staphylococci with a high degree of survival.
Normally, a bacterium in a minimum amount is found in every healthy person without causing a disease. However, in the case of weakened or still unformed, like infants, immune defense, the microorganism can begin to multiply intensively, leading to purulent inflammation. There are more than 27 types of staphylococci, of which only three are dangerous to humans:
- Epidermal – is found on the skin and mucous membranes;
- Saprophytic is rarely found in children, it mainly affects the kidneys and bladder of women.
- Golden – inhabits the skin surface and is the most pathogenic. Getting inside, provokes inflammation of the internal organs. It can cause about 100 different diseases.
Very often, even at the time of discharge from the hospital, a newborn is diagnosed with a staphylococcal infection. In itself, the detection of a certain number of bacteria on the skin and mucous membranes is not dangerous, since they are part of the normal microflora of any person. But this applies only to healthy children with a strong protective system. Some doctors consider the norm the presence of staphylococcus in the amount of 104 units. But sometimes this concentration of the microorganism already requires treatment, especially in children of the first days of life.
The peculiarity of the pathogen is that after the disease is transferred to the staphylococcal agent, no immunity is formed. The toxin is resistant to many groups of antibiotics and develops rapid resistance.
Under certain conditions, a pathogenic microorganism can lead to a huge number of diseases in a child, accompanied by strong intoxication, reducing the already weak immunity. You need to treat the infection.