Nutrition of the nursing mother during the GW period
When it comes to feeding a nursing mother, many people have associations with strict rules, restrictions, rigid diet and big problems in the baby if the mother ate something wrong. The theme of the diet during lactation is shrouded in different myths and horror stories, and young moms usually do not know who to listen to: pediatricians, grandmothers, girlfriends or breastfeeding consultants. Recommendations and opinions are contradictory, so we will understand together.
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And what about food?
Strictly speaking, lactation does not depend on the mother’s diet. The process of milk production is regulated only by hormones (prolactin and oxytocin). Breastmilk itself is produced from elements of blood plasma, so nutrition affects lactation approximately the same as the composition of blood – very indirectly, slightly changing the content of certain elements. Even with a very meager diet, a woman is able to breast-feed, and the baby will not suffer from a lack of nutrients. The organism of the nursing mother is set up in such a way that everything useful and necessary for the baby falls into the milk, and if one suffers from a deficiency of the necessary substances; so it’s mom. It turns out that breastfeeding mothers need to monitor nutrition in order for her body to have enough resources for herself, since her baby will take in any case.
The diet of the nursing mother is not much different from the diet during pregnancy, and the recommendations for catering are similar.
- The daily calorie content should be increased by 500-600 kcal compared to the usual state. If you do not go beyond these figures, then this figure does not affect. Milk production requires an increased expenditure of energy, so additional calories have much to spend.
- Is recommended often and in small portions to provide the body with a constant supply of nutrients. Trying to enter meals in a particular regime does not make much sense, it is enough to eat appetite. It’s good to have something to eat in the snack. Considering that at first the child is at the breast for a long time, the feeling of hunger can be caught during or immediately after feeding.
- At the heart of feeding the nursing mother after childbirth is the classic food pyramid. In the diet must necessarily be present cereals, meat, sometimes fish, vegetables and fruits. By and large, the more varied the food, the better. Strict bans are not present, but there are some products with which it is necessary to be more cautious and to enter them in a diet in a special way. They will be discussed separately.
- A nursing woman should consume enough fluids. Usually it is about 2 liters a day, but if you do not really want to drink – do not pour water into the water forcibly. Here it is important to find a middle ground and not get involved in watering, since it is a question of a sufficient amount of liquid, and each has its own, determined by its weight and constitution.
Strictly speaking, there are no strict prohibitions and restrictions in the feeding of the nursing mother. However, some products are associated with a risk of allergies in the baby, so their use is better limited and generally eat with caution.
- Protein of cow's milk. Contrary to popular belief about the benefits of cow's milk for infants, this product is extremely undesirable for use not only to the crumb, but also to his mother. By its composition, cow's milk is very far from human and contains foreign proteins for our body. The use of whole cow's milk by the mother can create problems with the intestines of the crumbs or cause allergies. Quite another matter - products from fermented milk (kefir, fermented baked milk, cheese). There, the same protein is in a different, slightly altered form and the body is perceived much better.
- The vegetable protein is gluten. All mothers have heard and are aware of gluten-free cereal for babies, but not everyone excludes this protein from their diet. Gluten is found in all cereals, with the exception of rice, buckwheat and corn. Sometimes it causes an allergy, so with other cereals you need to be more careful, introduce them gradually and track the reaction.
- Chemical additives (dyes, preservatives, flavors). The organism of the newborn child has not yet prepared for such chemical attacks, and that which for the adult remains unnoticed, the baby can cause allergies.
- Exotic fruits. At this point everything depends on the region of residence. So, in Spain, oranges are used for the first complementary foods, and in our latitudes they are exotic. The best option is to consume local seasonal fruits, this reduces the risk of an unwanted reaction.
- Fruits and vegetables are red. The potential allergen is precisely the red pigment, and in large doses. So the child can sprinkle from a whole plate of strawberries or a salad of tomatoes, and from a couple of berries or spoons there will be nothing. In some cases, the allergen in general can be eliminated, for example, by cutting the peel from a red apple.