Hemoglobin in newborns
Most people are familiar with the concept of hemoglobin since childhood, but few parents know that the level of this indicator in a baby has its characteristics. Elevated and reduced content of this substance in the blood can lead to specific diseases, and this is a serious cause for concern. What is hemoglobin? On what factors does its level depend? What is the norm of this substance? What are the causes of increased or decreased hemoglobin?
Hemoglobin – a special protein, it is the basis for the creation of red blood cells. His task in the body is to transport oxygen from the lungs to other organs and carbon dioxide in the opposite direction.
The norm of this protein in newborns is sufficiently blurred, so it can depend on a number of factors, among which can be:
- type of child nutrition (breastfeeding or artificial)
- the state of health of the baby (how often he is sick)
- genetic predisposition
- baby’s birth date
- sex, time of year, activity, etc.
If we talk about numerical indicators, the hemoglobin in newborns is quite high, its norm is unstable and changes during the first year: in 2-3 months it decreases, and by 6 months it is again raised. This table explains what hemoglobin should be in infants at different stages of life:
In case of receiving the result of the analysis, in which an increased hemoglobin is detected, it is necessary to repeatedly donate blood. Do this in the early morning and make sure that the child was in a restful state.
It is very important in such a situation to ensure the proper nutrition of children, it is necessary to remove from the diet products with a high content of iron: liver, buckwheat, apples and red berries. At the same time the menu needs to be supplemented with seafood and fish, cereals and products of vegetable origin. To exclude protein deficiency, the baby must receive legumes and chicken.
For your information! If the baby is on breastfeeding, it is necessary to give him more water. Such a measure will help make blood less dense. Sometimes it is even enough to install in a room where a baby sleeps, an air humidifier.
Another effective measure is the treatment with leeches and the reception of the mummy, which is available in tablets. But you need to do this only after consulting a pediatrician and strictly under his supervision.
The norm of hemoglobin in the blood of infants is a very important indicator, a caring parent must always monitor this and take the necessary measures in time to improve the baby's condition. The balanced content of this substance is a condition for the full development of the infant both physically and intellectually.