Dysbacteriosis in infants: we recognize the symptoms and choose the right treatment
During the period of perinatal development and until the moment of birth, the child’s organism does not collide with the bacterial environment – its integuments and mucous membranes are completely sterile. With the advent of the world the situation changes dramatically, and the newborn gets acquainted with a diverse microbial flora. Bacteria that are populated in the intestines of the child from the first days of life are related to conditionally-pathogenic, that is, being in a constant mode of waiting.
While the baby is healthy, receives proper nutrition and develops according to age, the activity of microorganisms does not affect his health, but with a decrease in the quality of life or weakening of immune defense, pathogenic microbes begin to multiply actively and quantitatively overlap the number of beneficial bacteria. In this case, they speak of a violation of normal intestinal microflora or dysbacteriosis.
When complaining of dysbiosis to a pediatrician, the doctor will immediately begin to collect information about the baby’s nutritional diet. The problem with the intestine in 90 cases out of a hundred is found in one of the following factors associated with the illiterate approach to breastfeeding:
- Late start of feeding – A week after the birth of the child or later. Since the mother’s breast milk has its own beneficial bacterial microflora, the activity of pathogenic microorganisms in the digestive tract (GIT) of the baby is suppressed, and they partially lose activity. If the onset of natural feeding is late or does not occur at all, pathogens rapidly multiply and create favorable conditions for the development of dysbacteriosis;
- Excess breast milk with frequent feeding. This happens when the mother puts the crumbs to the chest more often than he has time to get hungry, taking every episode of crying or bad mood of the baby for the demand for food. Milk taken in the previous feeding, does not have time to split and creates in the intestine an acidic medium that provokes irritation of its walls;
- Lack of nutritious (rear) milk in the baby’s diet. The reasons for the inadequate production of a valuable fat product saturated with the main enzyme of the splitting of milk sugar – lactase, may be several. Sometimes the baby does not take the breast well, as a result of which only superficial, taken milk is taken into his stomach, or the mother herself during one feeding shifts the baby from one breast to the other before it can reach the thick and nutritious food;
- Sharp replacement of the usual formula for a new product. Each artificial food has its own set of useful trace elements, therefore, even within the same brand, it is impossible to find two types of milk powder with an identical complex of substances included in it. It is clear that at different stages of development the mixtures will change, but these transitions should be performed gently, for 5-7 days and preferably with accompanying breast-feeding at least once a day;
- Refusal of natural feeding in favor of artificial. If this happens according to medical indications, then with manifestations of intestinal dysbacteriosis it is necessary to reconcile until the imbalance of the microflora normalizes itself. If the transfer to nutritional mixtures is carried out at the request of the mother, then a sharp rejection in breast milk is unacceptable.