Dysbacteriosis of the intestines in infants: causes and treatment
Dysbacteriosis in infants is a phenomenon that up to 95% of children under the age of one face. Especially susceptible to this disease are weakened, premature and often aching babies. What is dysbiosis and what is it dangerous?
Dysbacteriosis – imbalance of healthy intestinal microflora According to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Health Problems (a document of the World Health Organization), such imbalance is not a disease. In European countries, this condition is often not treated at all: it is believed that the body must cope with it on its own. But many modern specialists hold the opposite opinion.
Why is this happening? Let’s look at everything in order.
Dysbacteriosis in infants: symptoms and treatment
Until the birth of the crumb is in an absolutely sterile environment, its gastrointestinal tract does not contain any bacteria or microorganisms. At the moment of birth, moving through the birth canal, the child first gets acquainted with the natural microflora of the mother, which normally contains lacto- and bifidobacteria and E. coli. Later on, when breastfeeding, hugging and kissing, the baby collides with various bacteria that are on the skin and in the mouth of the mother. Thus, the colon of the baby’s gastrointestinal tract is normal (healthy) microflora.
Ideally, in infants completely staying on natural feeding, the intestinal microflora consists of 95-99% of lacto- and bifidobacteria (the so-called probiotics). And only a small part is made up of neutral (obligate) bacteria, which do not have any harmful or useful effect on the baby’s body. These include streptococci, enterococci, micrococci, clostridia, bacteroides and E. coli.
If there are adverse factors (the forced intake of antibiotics by the mother or baby (we also read: how to restore the baby after antibiotics), later the first application to the breast, the lack of breastfeeding), the balance of the intestinal microflora can be disturbed and lead to unfavorable consequences for the immature organism.
Signs and the main symptoms that say that an infant may have a disturbed balance of intestinal flora:
- frequent abdominal pain;
- bad breath;
- increased salivation;
- dry skin;
- manifestations of allergic dermatitis;
- thrush, stomatitis on mucous membranes;
- diarrhea is more than 2-3 days;
- decrease (lack) of appetite;
- the child poorly dials (or does not gain at all) weight (an article on this);
- a lot of green mucus and foam, bloody streaks in the stool.