Deformation of the chest in a baby: symptoms, treatment
Normally, a full-term newborn should have a chest circumference three centimeters smaller than the circumference of the head. In a healthy child, the thorax should be barrel-shaped, the ribs are arranged horizontally. When the baby is breathing on the first day, the pits on the collarbone and the intervals between the ribs are slightly dented. The thorax should be symmetrical, its bottom participates in the respiratory process. Very rarely in children, the xiphoid process can be outwardly deflected, thus it raises the skin when the child grows up and forms, everything normalizes. If this does not happen, you can talk about a defect, like a funnel-shaped chest.
Not all skeleton develops normally, the deformity of the thorax in newborns is quite common, it can have a keel shape when it protrudes forward, it can be funnel-shaped, with a given deformation the sternum may fall and the ribs go back. It is very important to contact the doctor in time for such deformities, because surgical intervention is required. If a child has a heart disease, the thorax is asymmetric.
Diagnosis of funnel chest in children
1. To assess the condition of the baby's lungs, electromyography is performed, and changes in the structure of the chest are detected.
2. It is very important to diagnose the state of the child's internal organs, for which external breath is being studied. Funnel-shaped deformation of the chest can lead to a significant narrowing of the lung membrane, it is responsible for gas exchange, because of this, children often hypertrophy the right heart ventricle. Therefore, the ECG, EchoCG, is performed, so the doctor comes to the conclusion whether there are violations in the cardiovascular system.
3. An X-ray is mandatory to determine if there is kyphosis of the chest.
4. If the child has a funnel-shaped chest circumference, he needs additional psychological help, because they can develop shyness, apathy, indifference, problems with social adaptation.
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