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# How to teach a child to solve problems, students and older

At school I didn’t like math. Honestly! Here, right into a dream, I was driven by the endless additions, subtractions and tedious tasks of diggers and poultry farms. And now the school years are far behind, and I still have to solve boring examples and complicated tasks. That’s just not for his marks in the diary, but to test my daughter’s knowledge.

When she went to the first class and brought the first task in mathematics, I just smiled – lightly. But my girl looked at the task as an unknown animal and for a long time could not understand how to cope with it.

At first I tried to explain to her for a long time what to do and how, then I gave her similar tasks, trying to consolidate my knowledge. But literally the next day, everything had to start over.

The first class we finished well. The tasks were not very difficult, my daughter still remained diligent, and I was patient.

Further – more difficult. During the summer holidays, first-class knowledge hid in distant corners of memory, giving way to bright summer emotions and memories. And the homework in mathematics turned into a real torment.

Once, in a pile of old books and magazines, my attention was attracted by a small book in a bright cover. It was called, if my memory does not fail me – Easy puzzles.

It was a little book with small but very valuable tips on how to teach any child (from preschooler to student) to solve problems of any complexity.

It turns out the main condition is to develop the habit of solving problems with interest. Yeah, you need not just to learn to cope with tasks, but to feed the child’s initial interest in knowledge.

So, in order to interest the child in problem solving, it is necessary:

one. In the process of the game or at leisure, set small tasks. For example – in 5 books of 10 pages. Conclusion…. Or – the blue ball is less green, but more than red. Conclusion….

2 Children constantly need to give information for reflection, ask for their opinion, allow them to reason and draw their own conclusions.

3 Offer to solve small puzzles and logical puzzles.

four. Stimulate the desire to find the right answer. To do this, you need to invent tasks for existing solutions, or set tasks with missing or redundant data.

five. It would be nice to come up with two similar problems, the question of which is the same, and the solution is radically different.

6 It is also important to suggest that the child analyze the decision, check the answer to the problem with opposite actions or solve it in another possible way.

7 Problems should not be boring, template. Invent or search for fairy tales, comic puzzles, logical or ancient tasks. Make sure that the child understands the conditions of the problem and its question.

Four steps

Helping my daughter to solve problems, I myself began to enjoy their decision. In order not to get confused in these conditions and questions of tasks, I suggested to my daughter to always act according to a proven algorithm.

1 step – explore the task (you can even draw conditions), understand what is given and what needs to be found. If the problem initially crept into the error, it must and can be detected at this stage.

2 step – plan its solution. That is, to figure out how many steps you need and what actions you need to perform first.

3 step – to execute the decision, to realize the planned.

4 step – check the correctness of the answer. You can apply another solution.

Alas, my daughter, alas, did not become an excellent pupil, but tasks are given to her quite easily. Now she does not postpone the mathematics at last, but decides everything quickly and correctly.

And how did you teach your kids to solve puzzles? Or do you still have to go through it?

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