Everything is simple for us. The water is wet, the sand is loose, the sky is blue, the wind is cold. And for a child? Water can still be warm, cold and hot. The sky was blue yesterday, and today is gray. Yesterday the sand flowed in the palm, and today we made Easter cakes out of it. We don’t think much about this, and the child learns something new every day. The properties of different objects are great.
It is not necessary to sit down the child and lecture him about the properties of objects. You just need to mention about them as often as possible in conversations and games. Show, compare and pronounce it all. What I am doing.
Yesterday, the son sat near a flower bed and selflessly threw dry land downwind. And today, after the rain, I was surprised: instead of dry earth – dirt, into which I did not let it. We went to play in the sandbox. Yesterday, the son put dry sand into the machine and took it under the roof. So let’s use the situation to compare the properties of the sand. She showed him that dry sand was pouring, and we made shapes out of wet sand.
Children face this constantly. The son is already well understood for himself that water is of different temperatures. My hands will say: Hot. Turn a little tap – satisfied: Warm. Also, about the food, the oven turned on, the radiator.
Two buckets from the sandbox, pyramid cups, nesting dolls help us understand the size of objects.
About low, high, narrow, wide while we keep silent. In two years it will be a bust. Although, the word “high” is already used by the son in a conversation, when his dad sits on his shoulders or sees a bird or a plane in the sky.
We have a few balls. Among them is one soft, so-called crumb. Sometimes we play several balls at once. At the same time talking about them soft and hard. There is no other way to compare them and it will not work – all balls are round and almost all multi-colored.
The game to study the properties of objects
Recently I stumbled across the Internet on the description of this unpretentious game. In order to play it, you do not need to run to a toy store and buy something. And in general, in my opinion, children like to play with ordinary objects more than with specially designed store games in boxes. So, we need:
– a basin with warm water
– a wide variety of items that have nothing to do with bathing
We had pebbles, money, plastic molds from the sand set, a nylon can lid, a rubber ball, a foam ball, and glass jars.
For half an hour, while I was washing the stove and dishes, my son happily studied the properties of objects. He saw that the pebbles and money were drowning, but the ball was not. Spray from a rubber ball fly, but not from a foam ball. The plastic cover floats, and if you put stones in it, it sinks. Stones, when falling into the water, not only gurgle, but rumble. Jars can float, and can sink and so on. By the way, this game is good for the development of fine motor skills. At the same time, we washed the floor in the kitchen. On the street in the heat of such a game – just a godsend.
To study the properties and features of the game items, you can invent a wide variety. What I have listed is a drop in the ocean. After all, for example, only one cube has several properties: it is square, plastic, blue, light. Oh, still play and play us, memorize and memorize …