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Preparing a child for school, preschoolers

When my son was 6 years old, all the relatives asked him the same question: Do you want to go to school ?. And it’s really time to get ready for school. But, what should be understood as readiness for school?

At a consultation with a kindergarten psychologist, I learned that the concept
readiness for school is quite wide and there are several types of readiness.

Types of school readiness

Psychological and social readiness includes the child’s desire to learn, the ability to negotiate with peers, communicate with adults, respond adequately to the situation, and organize their behavior.


The development of psycho-physiological functions involves the development of small muscles of the hands, orientation in space, orientation on a sheet of paper.

The development of cognitive activity involves the development of speech, the presence in the child of detailed ideas about the world, the city, animals, plants. The ability to set goals and bring things to the end.

Formation of intellectual skills in a child, the ability to generalize, analyze, establish logical connections.

The psychologist spoke briefly about what the child should go to school.

The child must know and be able to

Know your name and parents. Date of birth, age. Professions of parents. He must know the name of his city and the main attractions, as well as the name of the country in which he lives.

Seasons and months of the year, and their sequence. Must know the basic signs of the seasons, riddles and poems about them. Have an idea about pets, their cubs and habits. About wild animals of forests, the North, hot countries.

Know and be able to distinguish between transport, its types: ground, air, water.
Correctly call and distinguish the main geometric shapes. It is good to be guided on a sheet, to distinguish top-bottom, right – the left sides of a sheet.

To be able to retell small stories close to the text, as well as independently compose a story from a picture. Memorize about 6-10 items, words or pictures. Know the difference between consonants and vowels. Listen carefully for about half an hour.

To be able to use scissors. Cut objects along the contour. Use a pencil. Draw lines, draw geometric shapes, paint and stroke, without leaving the contours of objects.

Having received this information, I myself could reveal what knowledge or skills my child lacks. Finding gaps in the development of fine motor skills and spatial orientation, I gave my son the task of copying figures and patterns from a sample. We sculpted a lot, cut and painted.

I paid much attention to the development of independence in a child. I started to leave him alone at home for a while. Sometimes she returned after 10 minutes and rang the doorbell, if the son opened without asking: Who ?, had another conversation.

My son began to go to the store to buy bread, although at first I was following.

The result of our collaborations with the educators was that the son easily passed the entrance tests to one of the best gymnasiums in the city.

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