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Mental development of a child 4 years old, preschoolers

I already wrote about the approximate physical parameters of the development of a four-year-old child. Today I would like to draw attention to the psychological side, which is characteristic of this age.

It is for four years that the question period begins. The child is interested in everything – why it is dark at night, the cat has no shoes, and the leaves are green.

In no case should not show that the questions of the kid are ridiculous or seem to you annoying. Of course, the easiest to answer is monosyllabic or Well, I don’t know. But such behavior of adults is fraught with the fact that the child will no longer be interested in the world around him, withdraws into himself, and in the worst case will even feel guilty for causing inconvenience to adults by his curiosity.

At the age of 4-5 years, fantasy is actively developing, the child is happy (unless, of course, there is no restraint on the part of adults) sharing with the surrounding fruits – he creates scenes with various characters, depicts various animals, etc.

Here, again, there is no reason to interfere – your accidental mockery or criticism can completely discourage the child from his desire to speak in public.

It is at this age that it is important to read more tales for the child; you can already move on to more adult options – replace Ryaba’s Chicken with stories about the adventures of Dunno, the Wizard of the Emerald City, etc.

In addition to its technical characteristics, which I have already written about, after 4 years connectivity develops. The child can already talk and reason about objects and phenomena that he has not seen (planets, exotic animals, events, etc.).

Children of the same age may well already conduct a dialogue among themselves without prompts from adults. Recently, my daughter asks me to call one of her girlfriends, and they get a good five-minute conversation, at least.





Social skills

If earlier, children’s communication and games were competing in nature — there were many conflicts over toys, frustration due to the number of sandy kulichiks or the inability to overcome a certain obstacle at the rides, then after four years the joint pastime of children is more of a cooperation.

I am happy to notice that my daughter is increasingly serving as a helper, if her friends fail. The phrase “Let’s go together,” let’s do it, and so on.

According to psychologists, the main features of the characters and inclinations of adults are the result of educational work at the age of 0 to 5 years.

Do not forget that at the age of 3-5 years old, the child has an amazing ability to memorize and grasp new information literally on the fly. Use this, do not dismiss the seemingly stupid questions, try to answer as fully as possible and correctly.

I hope the article will be useful for you!

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