Did you know that it is imperative for first-graders to confidently perform simple arithmetic operations with numbers from 1 to 10? I recently found out about this and now at every opportunity I chase my daughter in math.
She already copes with the first ten without problems, and lately I even noticed that she performs actions in her mind without resorting to the help of fingers, as it usually happened before. This was preceded by painstaking work, which I will discuss today in the article.
You can learn to count on anything, it is not at all necessary to buy special calculating sticks. Everything fits – from beads to pasta.
First of all, I started with a theory – I explained to my daughter what positive and negative things are. Here it is important to name as many synonyms as possible for these actions, so that later there is no misunderstanding. So, in addition to the plus, we use the words add, add, add, and in addition to the minus – subtract, subtract. Then the daughter met with the sign of equality.
To interest a child, counting material can be chosen together. For example, buy beautiful buttons, beads, balls, or even use toys from kinder surprises.
It is better to start with simple actions – often use smaller numbers (1 and 2). By the way, daughters were much easier to add than subtract. Perhaps it is individual.
If my daughter missed, I thought up a fantastic accompaniment to examples on the principle of school textbooks. For example, that sat on the branch five birds, of which two flew away (flew), you need to find the number of remaining.
At the age of 4-5 years, children are already confidently oriented and distinguish numbers, so you can safely acquaint them with real mathematical examples. We were greatly helped by the mosaic, in which instead of colored chips there were numbers and mathematical signs. My daughter and I created examples, wrote them and solved them. Similarly, you can use a magnetic board.
What we do now
Now the daughter (she recently turned 5 years old) is happy to play in school. She has a notebook for assignments that I write to her, then she retires to solve them, then I check and rate.
At first, I tried to submit assignments in a playful way: I wrote the answers in advance, only specially wrote them separately, and the assignment was to connect an example with a line and its solution.
It brings variety to our leisure and play store – we use real bills and coins, and our daughter is already pretty confident in counting change and adds the cost of several items.
By the way, now the daughter often has her own pocket money – mostly small bills and small change, plus the fee that the tooth fairy brought to her. And precisely because of this, she herself already calculates what the money will be enough for her, how much will remain, orients in the prices of trampolines and ice cream.
It is very important not to force the child and make sure that he himself shows a desire and interest in numbers. I see no reason to teach addition in three years with hysterics and tears, if it can be done much faster and more painless in 4-5 years.
Now I don’t worry about the first class – there’s a whole year ahead, and my daughter clicks the examples with numbers from 1 to 20 like nuts. And recently she even asked me to tell her about dividing and multiplying (apparently I saw in some kind of cartoon). So now we have something to do.
How do you introduce children to the basics of mathematics?