When my son was very young, I confess that I did not even attach importance to this issue, and all the developmental classes in sensory development were invented by me and put into practice at some intuitive level, without much methodical preparation.
Only now, when I became an experienced mom and was confronted with a request from one of my good friends – a very responsible and exciting young mommy – to advise her on how best to develop her young son, my godson, I began to strive to bring the theoretical the base.
Does he not see them?
First of all, the question that arises in many machines: How? Do children can not distinguish colors, if they are not specifically to show them? Yes and no. Newborns really do not immediately learn to perceive all colors, but this adaptation occurs in the first few weeks, so in fact a child can perceive different colors with the eye, but to distinguish color as a separate property of an object and correctly name one or another shade is not.
The second question that my girlfriend invariably tyrannizes me is: When? – A classic question of exciting parents. When you need to do this and when it is – no matter how much I think about this question, the answer arises alone – it is never too early to develop a child. In all spheres, including his sensory perception.
Buy baby rattles bright and open, but not screaming colors. Try to follow the physiology: the kids first begin to distinguish yellow color, then orange and red, after a few weeks – blue and green, and only then, with a small pause, everyone else.
But strictly speaking – by the end of the first half of the year, the child’s visual apparatus is fully prepared to see the differences in the colors of the world around him. Therefore, to show bright toys and objects is already quite crumbs, the main thing is not just to show them, but also to pronounce the color of each of the objects.
How to explain it more correctly
Mom says to her child: This is a blue ball, look – this is a blue ball. And she quite sincerely believes that she has conveyed the necessary information to her children.
If you get acquainted with the features of children’s perception, such a mother will have to be slightly upset – this magic phrase is imprinted in the child’s mind the notorious ball as a single segment – the blue ball. And next to it lies another object, say, a red-ball, and the kid (I’m talking primarily about the children of the first year of life) doesn’t know how they differ.
That is why I always told my son (quotation literally, of course, difficult to bring), but approximately: Look – this ball is blue, and this one is exactly the same ball, but red.
At the same time, we remember that the child really needs clarity, so it’s clearer for all adults as well, let alone children, and, of course, the opportunity to play.
Game classes on distinguishing colors for children 2 – 4 years
So. For classes on the development of color perception, we took balls or large parts from designers of different colors. It is important that you have the same items in different colors and different shapes of the same color. The game can be a little different each time, the main thing is to stick to the basic principles.
You can decompose all this multi-colored wealth and ask to bring objects of the same color. Suppose: Son, bring me all that you see in our pile of red. You can act the other way around – it is already somewhat more difficult, it may first put the child at a standstill, but after a few hints we took it with a bang and even liked it more: Put all non-blue in the box.
Naturally, the entourage of the game can be changed every time so that it is not boring – we load into the cars, put them in bags, just bring mom, etc.
Somewhere closer to three years, we added color classification games to these tasks. For example, collect all the cubes of the green color for the bear or – put all the blue on the blue chair. We especially liked the classification according to the color of the cars – the boy didn’t need any time for preliminary preparation: open the cabinet drawer, pull out all the transport riches and start.
There are plenty of options and here – you can arrange the cars in multi-colored traffic jams, load them into trains of different colors, put them in parking lots. The train cars and other ancillary buildings were replaced with sheets of colored paper.
We also tried such a game very entertaining, only it would require a little patience and time from you: cut out multicolored paper silhouettes, preferably easily recognizable, – flowers, butterflies, animals or fruits, anything, but it is advisable not to invent pink tomatoes or blue puppies something realistic. And play hide and seek. Naturally, it is best to hide them on a sheet of the same color. You can take turns – first you hide the figures, and he searches, then vice versa.
In general, games of such a plan seem to me very valuable, while they involve not only the development of sensory proper, but also the training of fine motor skills and logical thinking.
In addition to such activities, you can practice distinguishing colors on the street, on the playground. It was amazed that many mothers completely forgot our children’s classics of active games. But the good old game of Traffic Light – a real training on attentiveness and the ability to distinguish colors, and even your child runs plenty.
The rules are very simple, as early as 2-3 years, kids play it with pleasure. Water, preferably an adult at first, thinks about the color, the children look at whether they have it on their clothes, show it and go to the other end of the field. Those who did not have the conceived color among the wardrobe items, you can suggest, for example, to name 2-3 items that come in this color.
Playing with colors
Another occupation that has become for us the main one for learning to distinguish colors is playing with colors. We started about 3 years and we still play in general.
They took small jars of baby food – it is important that they are transparent – we pour water in there and drip a little paint, a weak shade of this color is obtained. And then the fun begins – we begin to mix them.
At first, it was the paints that were dripping into the cans, this way it was clearer and the paints were not so dirty in the box. Then they switched to classes on the palette. Start with 2-3 jars of primary colors – red, yellow, blue. Later you can add white and black.
The first time at all gave room for creativity, then they analyzed what happened. Beautiful color turned out – they remembered what was added and where, if it came out dirty and slurred – they came to the conclusion that these colors should not be mixed. So gradually, I led the child to understand that there are primary colors and derivatives.
At about the same time, it is worthwhile to give an idea that colors are warm and cold. For clarity, I drew pictures – the hot desert with palm trees and a caravan and the North Pole with bluish ice and the ocean – it is very clear and quickly remembered.
Another game is sure to enjoy and enrich you with shades. In the kitchen, while dinner is being cooked, we love to talk and invent colors to different objects. It is important that the baby not only saw the color, but also tried to name it.
What we did not invent! Let it first be the color of the transformer’s shield or Barbie’s hair, in this case it’s more important that the child be able to distinguish it from other similar ones. If you give your child the opportunity to talk about these topics, you yourself will be amazed at his imagination.
My son himself willingly joins in these colorful statements, and with pleasure he reasons: To make it lilac – what colors should be mixed ?! or How does the color of the bricks turn out? Do not rush to immediately explain, let your child assume, let it be wrong.
Sometimes with such questions I find myself thinking that I myself don’t know exactly how to get this shade – then it’s time to take up the palette and try.
Empiricism is important for children. I saw – fixed – singled out from a number of similar. Therefore, to start the color you need to pick up a distinct, well-defined. Personally, we went great culinary shades – pistachio, chocolate, lime.
The optimal time for the beginning of a purposeful development of perception and distinguishing colors is 2-3 years. At this age, the baby should already know and name the primary colors of the rainbow.
Well, to stop in such classes, especially if the child has an interest in this, is generally not worth it. My son is still happy to ask him to get an easel and a palette and conjures flowers.
The more you work with color, the more shades your eye can perceive. There is practically no limit to this improvement, so some artists even distinguished about 10 million colors!