Not so long ago, parents cared little for preschoolers to read or even write the alphabet. Children received this necessary knowledge in the first grades. However, today the situation has changed dramatically, and the overwhelming majority of first-graders not only know the letters, but also passable read and write.
And even if you do not think that your child should understand in three years what is different from a, then life itself pushes you to inculcate these skills. Who wants his dear child to be in the category of laggards?
Here I am, in pursuit of fashion, I promised myself that my son would go to the first class savvy. Especially since early classes stimulate brain activity. And this, in any case, is useful.
How to learn letters
We started studying the letters when my baby was about 1.3 years old. For this we did not use any super-complex programs and materials. We had enough banal books with the alphabet, pictures and short rhymes for each letter.
However, I did not ask the child to say something like: This is – well, this is – We assigned letters to members of our family. So, m was my mother’s letter, p – father’s, b – grandmother, and so on.
In addition, I did not give him letters, the words for which he could not yet pronounce. In other words, we taught only 10 letters with reference to certain things or people.
At first, my son called the letters – mom, dad, woman … Simply put, he had no idea of the letter as such. He used them to denote words.
Gradually, as speaking developed, our alphabet expanded as well. For two years we have mastered it all. Except, perhaps, half-open. At the same time, the words somehow fell off by themselves, only the letters remained.
Interestingly, I have never conducted any classes, with sitting at the table, imposing a book. I just offered my son to read and picked up the right book. To begin, we studied the pictures, then we looked at the letters themselves.
By the way, the book for these purposes should be chosen carefully. Many of those that are sold in stores, too motley, with small letters and a lot of pictures. This option is unlikely to work.
Bright colors will distract attention, do not give focus, and for the abundance of pictures the child will be difficult to see the letter itself. So it is better to choose something more ascetic.
If the child does not like books
It happens that the kids do not like books. In this case, classes with the print media will not work. After all, a child should not be forced; he must himself want to learn and show interest in his studies.
In such a situation will help toy small letters. For example, they may come to visit the baby, greet him, offer to be friends and call his name, as well as belonging to someone from family members. And then everything is the same as with the books.
How to teach to read
My son is about to turn 3. We are still not able to read, but we are confidently moving towards this. To begin, I decided to teach him only some words. It is not even reading, but memorizing what a particular word looks like.
Of course, it is still too early for us to delve into the subtleties of the combination of sounds and their transformation into syllables and words. At the first stage, it is enough that my son says with confidence where mom, dad, pussy are written.
To this end, I made for him a card with words. There are not many, about ten. Our occupation proceeds in this way: I turn the cards face-down and suggest that my son draw out one of them and see what is written there. Sonny happy to be included in the game.
We remove those cards that he was able to read, and we left the difficulties that caused us to review them again, to name all the letters that make up the word.
Next, we take toy letters and, looking at the cards, we put the words written on them ourselves. Then the pictures are removed, and we make up the words without a clear example.
We learn and write. For a start, I taught my son to draw sticks and circles. Then, combining them, we get the written letters. So far, of course, not all representatives of the alphabet are subservient to us, but we are moving in the right direction.
By the way, once I shared my methodology with a friend. She tried it on her little son and also achieved success. And even faster than us. Her baby was older. So the method works. Verified
Here are just not lazy. Work with your baby regularly, and everything will work out for you. It only seems that the kids are silly. In fact, they are always ready to learn something new, if only this new is right for them to submit.