The kid falls into the risk zone by no means when it becomes a small hurricane in the house. Long before the child learns to walk, or at least crawl, he may be injured. Even a monthly crumb can contrive and fall from the changing table or bed. All the more curious prankster older is able to get not only bumps, but also more serious injuries.
First of all, let’s consider such a question as injury prevention, because it is much easier and safer to live in a safe house for a child than to learn the methods of reanimation of children.
So, we proceed to the disposal of hazards. The best way is to get on your knees and thus walk around the apartment. Here on the way there were interesting holes in the wall, framed by a circle – so the kid perceives the outlet. He will want to put something in there, so you need to install plugs on the sockets. Otherwise, the child is in danger in the form of electric current.
Another risk factor is the edges of the tablecloth or oilcloths hanging from the table. If the kid tries to stand up, sticking to its edge, then everything that is on the table will spread to the child – a traumatic brain injury is possible. And in addition to heavy items on the table can be hot tea or a pot of fresh soup – the baby can get burned.
In the same way should be examined and all items that are at a height of one and a half meters from the floor level. The fact that an adult does not come to mind to do, the child may seem very successful study of the surrounding world. Therefore, it is imperative that you take home security seriously and carefully.
But every parent knows that not a single child has grown up without bruises and bruises. Kids are so restless and inquisitive, so agile and fast, that in combination with unripe coordination it very often results in various injuries. Of course, wounds and bruises have varying degrees of severity.
Also, a simple scratch is incompatible with damage to the eye. Thus, if the child does not hurt himself much and his behavior is not too different from the usual, the mother can provide first aid herself. However, if the baby does not behave as usual, his behavior is disturbing, then an urgent need to consult a doctor or call an ambulance. Even if this bruise or damage at first glance minor. So, even a small bruise of the head can result in concussion of the brain, and abdominal trauma can cause internal bleeding.
So, if you still had to call an ambulance, do not waste time on idle waiting. Mom or dad in most cases can provide first aid, which will help the child recover later in the future. Consider the main injuries of children and the actions of parents when they occur. Damage to the skin. A small bruise or scratch does not require medical assistance, but in any case it is necessary to treat the wound.
Fixed assets – hydrogen peroxide, which is applied to the wound, as well as brilliant green, which smears its edges. If the damage is minor, you can not bandage it, but if the wound is extensive, then you need to put a sterile bandage over it. If a significant part of the skin is damaged or the wound is very deep, then it is necessary to consult a doctor. In some cases, you may need to stitch up a wound or drink a course of antibiotics for inflammation.
When bleeding is necessary to impose a temporary compression bandage above the wound. Again, if the blood does not stop at all, or when the bandage is removed, it resumes again, you need to urgently go to the hospital. Bruises and bruises can be harmless, disappearing after a couple of days, but they can also cause internal bleeding.
Head injuries are especially dangerous, which can be outwardly almost invisible. After all, the size of the bumps on the head is not an indicator of the severity of the injury. Therefore, in case of a head injury, it is necessary to carefully observe the child for several hours, since the consequences of a blow do not always appear immediately.
The cause of concern can serve as a baby’s lethargy, drowsiness, causeless crying, vomiting, headache. With such symptoms, there is every reason to believe that the child has a concussion. This means that you need help from doctors. With minor bruises, it is enough to apply cold to the damaged place.
Sunburn. Summer is the time for a beach holiday. Often during this period, kids are at a high risk of sunburn, because the sun’s rays can bring not only benefit, but also abuse if damaged. On the area of the skin, which scorched the sun, redness may appear, in more severe cases – blister. The child may have a fever, a burning sensation and pain at the site of the burn.
In this case, you must first put a cooling bandage on the damaged area, give the baby a drink, antipyretic and analgesic. Also on the burned place you need to apply a special preparation for burns – for example, panthenol. Similar actions are carried out in the event of a thermal burn; only the first step is to free the burned area from the clothing and rinse it with cold water. Despite the modern fashion of healthy tempering of children, many mothers and especially grandmothers continue to wrap up their children. This is dangerous not only by weakening the immune system, but also by heat stroke. Even in cool weather, the child may suffer from it, if dressed too warmly.
If the baby turned red, became sluggish and hot, you need to urgently remove some of his clothes from him, try so that he does not run, give him a drink. Fainting in children from overheating is extremely rare. Cases are especially dangerous when a foreign body enters the airway of a baby – it can be a small button, a small part of a toy, and just food, which, as they say, went not at that throat.
In case the child chokes, you must either place the head below the body, bending the child over your knees, or turn it upside down altogether. Patting the back between the shoulder blades, a foreign object must jump out of the respiratory tract. In most cases this is enough. An ambulance is required if breathing is not restored, remains intermittent or constricted, and small detail is not removed from the throat. Remember, the main thing in case of suffocation is promptness.
Small parts and toys can be sent by mail, not only in the mouth, but also in the ear or nose. Traumatologists often save little soldiers from the noses of curious guys. If a foreign object does not go deep into the nose or ear, you can try to extract it yourself, but if you can’t grasp even the edges, then you urgently need to go to the emergency room or call an ambulance.
In addition to domestic injuries, the baby may suffer from the bite of animals or insects. When an animal bites, the wound is urgently needed to be treated and in any case go to a health facility, because a bitten dog or cat may be a carrier of rabies. You should not wait for the manifestation of the disease or find out from the owner of the animal – whether it is vaccinated or not. Urgently run to the hospital.
For most babies, the bite of a bee or a wasp is not dangerous, but if the baby suffers from allergies, you should always have an antihistamine on hand that will help to cope with the swelling after the bite. Even if the child is not susceptible to allergies, a bumblebee bite to the mouth or eyes can cause a negative reaction – the bite site can swell up. That is, in this case, you may also need the help of a doctor. If a child is bitten by an insect, you must first remove the sting and then treat the wound with iodine or alcohol.
There is also a well-known method of human resuscitation, which is applicable to children. So, if a child has severe injuries as a result of an accident, it is necessary to act according to the scheme before the arrival of the doctors.
The first step is to quickly call an ambulance. The second step is to free the child’s airways from foreign objects, such as vomiting. If these measures did not help to resume normal breathing and heartbeat – begin to do artificial respiration and indirect heart massage. Of course, not everyone can own the resuscitation technique, usually doctors, rescuers, firefighters are trained in this. It is to these people and you can ask for urgent help.
So, the reader has become familiar with the basic methods of providing first aid to children, but the most important thing is to prevent and prevent an accident, because it is the oversight of parents that in most cases is the cause of the injury of the baby. Take care of your children!