My school math teacher once said a wise phrase: Mathematics teaches not only counting, it teaches logical thinking. Perhaps, in life logarithms and complex equations will not be useful to us, but the logic brought up by mathematics will help in solving many life problems. So why not introduce the child to this important science in early childhood through games?
Logical foundations are laid precisely at such a tender age. Therefore, games should be simple and clear.
Task: teach a child to count to five
The essence of the game: With the words one, two, three, four, five – we will consider the fingers to bend the fingers, so that they are compressed into a cam. Then follow the words: five, four, three, two, waving a pen, we now – bend a finger on each account and wave a pen.
Task: teach your child to sort items according to common features.
The essence of the game: a certain amount of balls, pyramids and cubes spill onto the floor. The child must sort the toys by shape. When the baby has grown the same game can be carried out with flowers.
Task: lay the foundations of addition and subtraction.
The essence of the game: 2 identical objects (for example, cubes) are placed on the floor. It is necessary to remove one cube and ask: And now there are more or less cubes? The same game can be carried out with sweets, fruit. Children surprisingly quickly realize that mom got more sweets!
Games for 3-5 years
The child already knows a lot, which means that you can proceed directly to the study of mathematical foundations.
Task: examine the numbers
The essence of the game: The child remembers the numbers much easier, if he has any associations with them.
Materials: cards with numbers and cards with objects that resemble these numbers. For example, a swan is like a deuce, a four on a nose, etc. We must try to find associations that will be understandable to the baby. Figures and figures should be the same size, so that by overlaying the number on the drawing it was clear what the figure is associated with.
This game is designed for children who already know how to count.
The essence of the game: children stand in a circle and throw a ball to each other. The task of catching to call the next number.
Task: teach a child to fold and numbers up to 5.
Materials: cards with numbers up to 5, twice as many as the number of players.
The essence of the game: Children are tram passengers. Children are given two cards with numbers. The presenter pulls out a card with a number (up to five). This means that the tram came with this number. Only those passengers whose sum of the numbers on the cards is equal to the tram number can enter it. For example, tram number 5 can take passengers with the numbers 2 3, 1 4, 5 0.
There are a huge number of mathematical games, they are designed for different ages. And, if you start engaging your child in mathematics from early childhood, then he definitely won’t have problems with logical thinking in school.