With age, the nutrient requirements of children change and increase. This should be remembered when planning the daily diet of the baby.
As with food for adults, children’s meals should be as fatty as possible. Keep this in mind when buying dairy products, meat, fish and choosing the method of preparation. However, this does not mean that fats should be absent in the diet, just their amount should be within the normal range, for a four-year-old child it is about 63g.
Fat-soluble vitamins are not absorbed without fats, the growth, development and activity of the child’s body depend on their presence.
For children, it is better to prefer dairy fats, which are part of the dairy products, vegetable oils must also be present in the diet. You should not eat solid fats (fat, for example).
Obviously, a surplus is fraught with problems with weight, metabolic disorders.
Their role in the diet is no less important, because protein is part of every cell in the body. With its deficiency, the synthesis of hormones is disturbed and the immunity is reduced, metabolic processes are disturbed.
Interestingly, protein can replace carbohydrates and even fats, but no substance can replace it.
The daily need for this substance for a child of 4 years is approximately 63g. It should be remembered that the need increases in the presence of physical exertion, after illness.
This is the main supplier of energy in the body. Carbohydrates are essential for muscle function, central nervous system and mental activity. However, their overabundance is fraught with a violation of fat metabolism, and, as a result, overweight.
Daily carbohydrate requirement is about 233g. As you can see, the ratio of fat, protein and carbohydrates is about 1: 1: 3.
Vitamins and Minerals
Also, do not forget about these substances, for children, the presence of calcium, vitamins A and C is particularly important. However, the rest are no less important. Therefore, it should be ensured that, in the first place, the nutrition of the child was diverse, and secondly, it contained the main product groups – vegetables, fruits, cereals, dairy, meat and fish dishes.
Proper diet is the basis for the functioning of all systems and organs of the child, provides growth and development. Nutrition provides the energy needed for all processes that occur in the body.
Also, do not forget about a sufficient amount of fluid, namely, ordinary drinking water in the diet, its lack is fraught with disruptions in the work of the child’s body.
In fact, calculate the approximate calorie content and the amount of nutrients in the diet in the presence of the Internet – it is easier than ever. By the way, the daily calorie requirement for a four-year-old child is 1800-1900 kcal, in the presence of physical activity, this figure increases.
Remember that in adolescence it is no longer possible to correct problems that may be caused by an unbalanced diet – abnormal growth and weight, digestive diseases, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the nutrition of children from the moment of their birth.