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Art therapy – sand, preschoolers

Over the past half century, a lot of interesting and useful methods of early development have appeared – this is drawing therapy, fairy tale therapy, and dance and play … The list is very long! And there is also a wonderful technique that is used as a treatment and as a variant of a developmental game – sand-play or sand therapy.

For the first time, sand principles were proposed by the well-known psychoanalyst Carl Gustav Jung. Behind him, this idea was picked up by doctors and psychologists, transformed it and improved. For example, in London in the 1930s, sand was already successfully used as a treatment for young patients by psychologists and psychotherapists.

The scheme was very simple: the kids were offered a sandbox with a clean sand, a tray with water and a lot of toys – molds for sculpting, miniature figures, and various objects. And then – complete creative freedom.

The children created their own world in the sandbox, where negative emotions found a way out. The beaten problem ceased to be a serious obstacle and the kid seemed to destroy it along with the sand at the end of the game. In addition to therapeutic sand, there is another function – developing.

This is the perfect material for creativity and learning. What can you do with the sand? Anything! Develop fine motor skills, imagination, learn to read, write, count, study geography, history, physics, chemistry …

If possible, you can organize a sandbox at home for classes. A water-repellent box will be required (not big and not small, so that you can cover all its space). To the sandbox was not faceless, and set the tone for the game, the bottom and sides can be painted in blue – the sea and sky.

The third of the box is filled with clean, sifted sand. There should always be water nearby so that you can make or build something. And, of course, toys – figures, numbers, letters, cars, boats, etc.

For the smallest, the games are as simple as possible: immerse your hands in the sand and take them out, unearth sand, put a slide, hide something in the sand, and then find it. Performing these simple actions, children train memory, dexterity, perseverance, attention.

For older kids and classes you can come up with more interesting. For example, to observe how the sand and its smooth surface change when touched with a hand: separate fingers, palm, back of the hand, edge. What patterns are obtained if you make circular movements, and which – if zigzag.

On the sand you can play like a piano. And if you complicate the task – so that the fingers do not fall deeper into the nail – then this game will practice unruly hands and coordination of the child. You can draw with your fingers.

Children love to draw in the sand, because there it’s impossible to spoil something, like on paper. I did not like it – I leveled the sand, that’s all. Here are three very interesting and useful games that you can play with your child. Find a treasure: you bury some large toy or just your hand in the sand, and the child’s task is to dig up the treasure, but with one condition – not to touch it.

You can dig, or, for example, clean the sand on the sides. Let the child himself think of what can be done. Entertaining archeology: this game can have two options. First: you put several large objects in the sand and suggest that the child dig them up, but not completely, but only some part. The task is to guess what it is according to the opened fragment. The second is to bury several objects, but the task is to find them in the sand with your hands and determine by touch what it is. Sand painting: You can paint with dry sand on any hard surface.

Show your child how to collect sand and pour it out, creating all sorts of patterns and tracks. It is necessary to complicate the task gradually so as not to discourage the child from interest in the game. The dimensions of my apartment do not allow me to arrange a sandbox at home, so I practice sand therapy in the summer on the beach. Or in the country – while adults weed weed, the children are engaged in interesting work, which also brings tangible benefits.

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