Smoking during pregnancy; how it affects the child and what harm it can cause
At the time when the pregnant woman pauses, the poisonous substances immediately flow through the placenta into the amniotic fluid. They become turbid, at the same time there is a spasm of cerebral vessels and oxygen starvation in the child. The result – premature and heavy birth, the body weight of the newborn to 2500 grams, small growth, reduced parameters of the circumference of the head, chest, frequent health problems.
This is the most crucial period in the life of the fetus. In the first weeks at the stage of deposition are all vital organs. Their development is completely dependent on sufficient intake of nutrients into the placenta. But along with the necessary vitamins, trace elements, come pitches, nicotine and other poisons. This has an extremely negative impact on the further development of organs and systems.
- One pack of cigarettes a day provokes intrauterine fetal death and increases the risk of having a child with extremely low weight by 30%;
- A pack of cigarettes in combination with alcohol increases the risk of miscarriage 4.5 times;
- The risk of sudden death of an infant increases by 30%. Especially the twins;
- Excessive doses of nicotine before conception 10 times increase the risk of miscarriage.