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Review of modern contraceptives

Modern methods of preventing pregnancy

At the present stage, contraception is not only the prevention of an unplanned pregnancy, but also a way to preserve women’s health, the birth of a healthy baby when you want it.

Doctor gynecologist – endocrinologist, candidate of medical sciences

The woman’s organism is arranged in an amazing way, it is able to organically reorganize the work of internal organs and systems (nervous, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, endocrine, etc.), metabolism, in connection with the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and lactation. This makes it possible to conceive, endure, give birth, raise offspring and be ready to become pregnant again.

During the period of breastfeeding, the woman’s reproductive function is gradually restored. At this time, it is highly unlikely that a new pregnancy will occur.

In the malaise of the mother can occur disruptions in the work of systems, on her body to lay down a double load for feeding and caring for the baby and bearing a new pregnancy. In addition, a pregnancy that occurs immediately after childbirth, most often can not proceed normally, it can cause a deterioration in women’s health, delayed development of the fetus and the birth of a child with any pathology.

Very often after an unwanted pregnancy, a woman resorts to abortion. But abortion is not a harmless, not a trivial operation.

First of all, this is a gross trauma to the body. Due to abortion, the woman undergoes sharp changes in the activity of such endocrine glands as ovaries, adrenals, and the pituitary gland.

Painful impulses from the nerve endings of the uterus and other organs of the small pelvis enter the brain, which is fraught with disturbances in the regulation of metabolism, genital function, menstrual cycle. These shifts may not occur immediately after abortion.

Therefore, the idea of ​​harmlessness of this intervention is widespread.

Often, health problems occur against a background of an infectious disease, hypothermia or prolonged exposure to sunlight, after stress or physical trauma. Violations of women associated with this are most often attributed to the named, provoking states, and the original cause – the abortion – is forgotten.

Serious pathological changes in connection with abortion occur directly in the reproductive organs. First of all, inflammatory diseases of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes develop, which then persecute the woman for a long time, if not all life. The inner shell of the uterine wall is damaged, which leads to a disruption in the formation of the placenta, the organ that binds the fetus to the mother’s organism, in subsequent pregnancy.

Cervical changes occur in the cervix. Fallopian tubes become difficult to pass, which makes it difficult or even impossible to fertilize. According to statistics, in our country there are 200 abortions per 100 births.


But the physiological methods of contraception have a very low degree of protection (20-25 pregnancies per 100 women during the year) and sufficiently long periods of abstinence from sexual activity. Barrier - prevent the meeting of the sperm with the egg mechanically or with the help of chemicals.

The means of barrier protection are generally accessible, harmless, but have low contraceptive activity (15-20 pregnancies per 100 women during the year) and should always be available.

Modern methods of contraception include:

Intrauterine devices - interfere with the implantation (attachment) of the fetal egg in the uterus, affect the mobility of spermatozoa and the egg. Their main advantages are high efficiency (0.5 pregnancies per 100 women during the year) and duration of validity.

The disadvantages include the presence of contraindications and the fact that the introduction and removal of the IUD can only be done by a gynecologist.

Hormonal remedies - suppress ovulation [1], affecting the endocrine glands. These methods of contraception have a very high degree of effectiveness (0.05-0.5 pregnancies per 100 women during the year and with proper selection correct hormonal disorders.

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