Pregnancy in winter: precautions
Each time of the year has its own features that are relevant for expectant mothers and it is very important to take into account the season for which the baby had to wait.
Winters in our latitudes are cold, with high air humidity. In addition to white fluffy snow and patterns on the windows, the winter has less pleasant signs: ice, frost, an increase in the number of colds. Such side effects force us to take additional security measures.
Many future mothers generally believe that without extreme need to go to the street, so as not to expose themselves to the risk of injury and colds. Certainly, a pregnant woman is particularly undesirable to freeze and fall, but this is not an excuse to completely give up walks in the fresh air.
If pregnancy proceeds without complications, for the future mother useful dosage physical exercises are useful. A sedentary lifestyle can lead to a pathological weight gain, which is dangerous for both the woman and the baby.
Among the most common consequences of reduced physical activity for a future mother can be called gestosis (late toxicosis, manifested by increased blood pressure and impaired renal function), fetoplacental insufficiency (impaired blood flow in the placenta, resulting in deterioration of breathing and fetal nutrition), varicose veins and other pathologies .
Unfortunately, most winter sports – skis, skates, snowboards – during pregnancy have to be abandoned due to their traumatism. One of the easiest and most burdensome types of exercise, available even in winter and recommended to all pregnant women, is walking.
For a pregnant woman, walks are very useful. In particular, this is the most simple and effective way of preventing varicose veins. The fact is that as the pregnancy period increases, the uterus presses more and more on large veins of the pelvis, making it difficult for the venous blood to return to the heart.
As a result of a complicated blood flow through the veins of the pelvis, the pressure of venous blood in the vessels of the lower limbs increases. Increased venous pressure leads to a malfunction in the valves, accumulated venous blood stretches the elastic walls of the veins, and develops varicose dilatation.
And while walking, leg muscles actively contract and push blood up the veins, speeding up the venous blood flow and preventing blood congestion in the vessels ..
In addition, in the process of walking the mutual position of the uterus and large veins of the pelvis changes. The pressure of the uterus on the veins is reduced, so that the flow of blood to the heart is facilitated.
Accordingly, in the area of the uterus, venous congestion is eliminated and the influx of arterial blood enriched with oxygen is improved.
A pedestrian has more breathing than a person who is at rest, because walking is a physical exercise. Therefore, when walking in the lungs gets more oxygen than when resting on a bench.