Pregnancy and vision problems
Vision problems are now present in many, so among pregnant women, there are often those who have visual impairments. Most often such problems are expressed in the form of myopia (myopia). Until recently, a high degree of myopia was considered an unambiguous indication for cesarean section, but now myopia is no longer considered as an excuse for such an operation.
More dangerous during pregnancy are problems with the retina of the eye – its detachment, ruptures or any other changes. All pregnant women, regardless of visual acuity, must undergo an examination with an ophthalmologist in order to prevent possible complications from this side.
In the period from 10 to 14 weeks of pregnancy, each woman should undergo a vision specialist. During the examination, the specialist conducts a general examination of the eyes, looks at the fundus with the dilated pupil and the state of the retina.
If any pathology is detected in the structure of the eyes or nearsightedness, doctors recommend examinations monthly or on an individual schedule. If the eyesight is ok, then it will be necessary to come to the ophthalmologist again – 4 weeks before the expected date of delivery.
The body of a pregnant woman is constantly subject to changes, and vision during pregnancy can change, therefore, to exclude complications during childbirth from the eyes, and are re-examined near the end of the bearing of the child.
After childbirth, especially if they were severe and with complications, you should also have an examination with an ophthalmologist to make sure that during the attempts there was no change in the state of the retina. It should be done one month after the birth.
In the normal course of delivery ophthalmologist should be visited in a year.
Poor vision during pregnancy is not so terrible, as many future mothers think, the main thing is that there are no complications.
The normal course of pregnancy does not affect vision, but pathological states of the type of toxicosis with nausea and vomiting can have an effect: for example, myopia will increase by a couple of diopters. The reason for this is edema and changes in the curvature of the lens caused by the increasing permeability of tissues to water.
As a result, the refractive capacity of the lens is increased, and the visual acuity decreases. Usually, after the delivery, vision returns to its former limits.
If a pregnant woman with myopia develops a gestosis with edema, increased blood pressure and protein in the urine, then there may be complications such as angiopathy of the retina or her dystrophy. In this case, constant monitoring of specialists and special treatment is necessary.