Pregnancy and pets
The life of domesticated animals has long and firmly entwined with human life. Many of us have pet homes and do not imagine life without taking care of them. It is understandable: our smaller brothers help a person, bring up kindness in him, brighten up loneliness.
The presence in the house of a cat or dog reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and has a positive effect on the psyche of its owner, reducing the level of anxiety.
But there is a downside to the coin. Thus, pets can become a source of about 30 different infections that pose a danger to humans.
And first of all children under 5 years old, elderly people and pregnant women fall into the risk group.
What to do if you already have a pet? Drive the living creature out into the street?
No, it is enough to know about the possible risks of diseases and to observe safety precautions during pregnancy.
Almost any pet can become a source:
- rabies – Acute illness that ends with a fatal outcome. To be ill with a furiousness it is impossible never, irrespective of, whether you are pregnant or not. Prevention: vaccinate against rabies before pregnancy, be sure to instill your pet, and when bitten by an unfamiliar animal, not later than 14 days after the incident, undergo a full course of immunization.
- worms. Infection with helminths leads to anemia in pregnant women, which is not treated with iron-containing drugs, vitamin deficiency, allergies and, in severe cases, oxygen starvation of the fetus and miscarriage. Prevention: wash hands after contact with the animal, take anthelmintic drugs before pregnancy, conduct helminthic prophylaxis in a pet every 3-4 months.
- fleas and ticks – carriers of viral tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease. Prevention: treat the pet’s fur with special repellents. \
- fungus, causing ringworm. Preparations for treating lichen are very toxic and can not be used during pregnancy, so it is worth paying special attention to the single prevention of this disease – frequent hand washing and avoidance of communication with stray animals.
- allergies to wool. Special skin glands of animals secrete certain proteins, which are the cause of allergies in humans. If the allergy is not strong, then trivial cleanliness will help to cope with it: from regular wet cleaning to washing your pet several times a week. It is also recommended to put an air purifier at home.