Pregnancy after rubella
The decision to become parents is a serious and responsible step for every family. Today, an increasing number of couples prefer to prepare in advance for this event, because competent planning of pregnancy significantly reduces the risk of all kinds of complications for the health of the future mother and her baby.
Close attention in this period should be given to revealing in the body of a woman antibodies to pathogens of a number of diseases that can have a harmful effect on the formation of the fetus and even lead to its death. One of the most formidable dangers facing the expectant mother is rubella, pregnancy planning is a reliable way to protect a woman from the anxiety associated with this disease.
Rubella is a very common infectious disease, characterized by a long incubation period, up to 24 days. The disease is most affected by children under the age of 7 years.
The main symptoms are: mild headaches, nasal congestion, conjunctivitis, low (up to 38 degrees) body temperature, an increase in lymph nodes in the neck.
The main symptom of rubella is a rash on the skin, having a pink color and, as a rule, located in the neck, face, back and buttocks. The rash is observed for 1-5 days, after which it passes without leaving any traces on the body. Often rubella has an atypical form, that is, it passes without any visible symptoms.
Regardless of the form of the course, the recovered person develops immunity to the disease.
According to the latest medical data, the disease is transmitted in two ways: airborne from a sick person to a healthy person, and also from the mother to a fetus during pregnancy. In children, rubella mainly has a rather mild course, which does not require special treatment. In an adult, the disease is more severe, the symptoms are more pronounced, the risk of complications increases: joint damage (arthritis) and inflammation of the brain.
But especially dangerous rubella for women during pregnancy.
The risk of contracting the fetus from a mother who has contracted rubella decreases with the increase in the gestational age: at the beginning of the first trimester it is almost 90%, decreasing to 10% by 12 weeks. Getting into the mother’s body, the virus passes through the placenta and causes severe pathologies and deformities of the fetus.
Depending on the length of the pregnancy at which the infection occurred, the child may have brain, hearing and vision damage, cardiovascular, genitourinary and pulmonary systems, GI tract, as well as bones and joints. Also, newborns are noted for various external disorders: six fingers on the limbs, the so-called wolf mouth, unnatural size of the head, deformation of the jaw, ear shells.