Pregnancy in the ovarian cyst
Modern women try to take seriously the planning of pregnancy, so an unscheduled visit to a gynecologist for a thorough examination before the moment of conception is quite common. And it often happens that the woman who comes to the examination has absolutely no complaints, but the doctor’s diagnosis sounds scary – an ovarian cyst has been found. In addition, quite often the cyst is detected already during pregnancy. Whether the ovarian cyst is compatible and pregnancy, how dangerous the cyst is and what it is all about – you will learn about this from this article.
An ovarian’s cyst is called benign formations that look like a capsule containing liquid or semi-liquid contents. This small bag with thin walls can be only a few millimeters in diameter, but it can also exceed 15 cm.
Although the term cyst is often used in relation to all neoplasms of the ovaries, the cyst itself is considered only benign formations. Depending on their nature, the cyst is secreted:
- Follicular, which develops from the largest follicle in the absence of ovulation. In those cases when the follicle is not torn and the egg does not leave it, the follicle accumulates an estrogen-rich liquid and it is transformed into a cystic formation. It is the functional cysts, which are usually thin-walled and single-chambered (sometimes double-chambered), accounting for 83% of all benign ovarian findings. Occur in childbearing age and sometimes during the first 5 years of the climacteric period.
- Paraovarial. This rounded thin-walled cyst differs in a specific location – located between the ovary, the fallopian tube and the leaves of the broad ligament of the uterus. Such a growth can be as small (1 cm), and reach a giant size (30 cm). It is revealed in 10-12% of cases.
- Endometriotic. In many cases, a cyst of this type is accompanied by endometriosis, a disease in which the cells of the inner layer of the uterine wall (endometrium) are identified outside this layer. A round or oval cyst begins to form from the moment of appearance on the ovary of a small endometriotic focus. Generated monthly female sex hormones stimulate the growth of the endometrium in the uterine cavity and the growth of the focus on the ovary. During menstruation in the hearth, blood accumulates, which gradually acquires a dark brown (chocolate) color. That is why endometrioid cysts are often called chocolate cysts. The distinctive features of the formation of this type include the uneven thickness of the walls (ranging from 2 to 8 mm). It occurs in women of childbearing age.
- Dermoid. This thin-walled formation refers to benign tumors (teratomas), but it looks like a cyst and does not transform into a malignant tumor. It contains a jelly-like substance, in which inclusions of embryonic tissues (hair, bone and muscle tissue) are present.
- Cyst of the yellow body (luteal). Emerging at the place of exit of the egg, the yellow body produces progesterone and in a small amount of estrogen. Progesterone prepares the uterine mucosa for a probable pregnancy, but if the egg is not fertilized, the yellow body gradually decreases in size and then degenerates into scar tissue. In the presence of some factors regress of this temporary gland does not occur, it begins to accumulate fluid (a possible admixture of blood) and forms a cyst of the yellow body. It can also occur against the background of pregnancy.