All women who are in childbearing age, each month there are spotting from the vagina – menstruation.
The first menstrual bleeding – scientifically, menarche, occurs in girls aged 12 to 15 years. Within one and a half years the cycle is established, and menstruation appear through certain intervals of time (from 21 to 35 days) and last from 3 to 6 days.
This is the norm.
Well, of course, provided that the egg did not fertilize, and there was no pregnancy. But this is a separate story.
But the appearance of bleeding in the intervals between menstruation normal can not be called. Why do they sometimes arise?
The appearance of uterine bleeding in the intermenstrual period is called dysfunctional uterine bleeding or metrorrhagia. Uterine bleeding is not uncommon, they are one of the main causes of women’s treatment of a gynecologist.
Today metrorrhagia does not pose a threat to the life of a woman – of course, provided that she will turn to the doctor on time. However, this dysfunction can cause a whole bunch of troubles:
- iron deficiency anemia;
- problems in sexual life;
- poor health.
Before we understand why dysfunctional uterine bleeding occurs, it is necessary to understand what changes occur in the body of a woman during a normal menstrual cycle.
The menstrual cycle normally has two phases. The first phase begins with the onset of menstrual bleeding.
During this period, the woman’s body produces hormones that promote the maturation of eggs and the growth of the inner mucosa of the uterus.
When the egg ripens, the release of a special luteinizing hormone, which causes ovulation – the release of the egg from the ovarian follicle. From this moment comes the second phase of the menstrual cycle.
The egg is captured by villi in the uterine (fallopian) tube and begins to move along it into the uterine cavity. At the site of the ruptured follicle, the so-called yellow body forms in the ovary.
It secretes the hormone progesterone, which prepares the woman’s body for a possible pregnancy.
If the fertilization of the egg does not happen, then it dies. The brain of a woman does not receive a signal about the attachment of the fetal egg. As a result, the yellow body stops its activity.
This leads to the rejection of the internal mucous uterine layer-that is, to the occurrence of menstrual bleeding.
To the development of intermenstrual bleeding can lead very different reasons. The most common are:
Uterine bleeding by itself is rarely a danger to the life of a woman. However, it can be the first sign of tumors of the uterus or ovaries, as well as various hormonal disorders.
Therefore, when symptoms of metrorrhagia appear, do not lose time, immediately seek medical help.
Thanks to this, experts come to us and give answers to our questions!
And still, you can ask your question below. Such as you or the experts will answer.
To all healthy kids!
Ps. Boys are also concerned! Just girls here more 😉
Ask the first question!
Reprinting and use of any materials (text and graphic elements) is allowed only with a hyperlink to the source. It is possible to copy the material in full, but not more than 20% of all publications on the site.
To make it easier for you to use the site, we made hints.