Anemia in pregnant women
Causes, symptoms and treatment of iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women
Iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women, also called anemia in people, is a fairly common phenomenon. However, there is nothing surprising in this, because, according to statistical data, every fourth inhabitant of our planet to any extent suffers from a decrease in the level of hemoglobin and the number of red blood cells – red blood cells.
It is because of this increased prevalence of anemia on Earth that many pregnant women refer to this disease lightly and underestimate the full extent of the risk.
The main task of hemoglobin and erythrocytes is the transportation of oxygen to the cells. Therefore, with a low level of hemoglobin in the blood (less than 120-140 g / l), the body begins oxygen starvation cells, which in turn during pregnancy leads to such consequences as:
- gestosis – late toxicosis, the lack of treatment of which may result in the death of a woman;
- early toxicosis;
- delay in fetal development;
- hypoxia and intrauterine fetal death.
In addition, in pregnant women with iron deficiency anemia, the risk of excessive blood loss during labor is increased. Also, anemia, accompanying pregnancy, can cause a lot of trouble after childbirth. So, for example, in women who have a low level of hemoglobin, children with weakened immunity are more likely to be born.
The risk of colds and the occurrence of various allergies in these babies increases by almost 25%. In addition, the newly minted mothers who suffered from anemia during the gestation of a child, often enough inadequate lactation.
First of all iron-deficiency anemia occurs during pregnancy due to hormonal rearrangement. Female hormones estrogen impair iron absorption.
At the same time, the body’s need for this trace element increases, since it participates not only in the processes of tissue respiration of the mother’s body, but also in its future child.
In addition, in the third trimester of pregnancy, iron begins to be heavily deposited (accumulated) in the placenta, liver and spleen, thereby preparing the organisms of the woman and child for the forthcoming birth. That is why in the last weeks of pregnancy, almost every second woman suffers from the so-called latent (passive) anemia.
However, the lack of iron during this period can be compensated with the help of proper nutrition and iron-containing preparations.
However, iron deficiency anemia can occur not only on the background of hormonal changes, but a number of other factors. Such causes of anemia in pregnancy can be:
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