Главная 7 Pregnancy 7 Hypoplasia of teeth: causes, symptoms, specific forms of hypoplasia and its treatment

Hypoplasia of teeth: causes, symptoms, specific forms of hypoplasia and its treatment

Hypoplasia of teeth

Hypoplasia of the tooth is called a special developmental defect, in which its tissues remain underdeveloped. The extreme degree of hypoplasia is the complete absence of a tooth – aplasia, but this pathology is rare.

Much more often, dentists need to face tooth enamel hypoplasia.

Underdevelopment of individual tissues of the tooth or the whole tooth as a whole arises as a result of exposure to the body of the fetus or the infant of various adverse factors.

Hypoplasia of infant teeth can result from:

  • Toxicosis;
  • some infectious diseases transferred by a pregnant woman – for example, influenza, toxoplasmosis, ARVI, rubella, etc .;
  • diseases of the digestive system in a future mother – colitis, enteritis, gastritis, duodenitis;
  • prematurity or birth trauma of a newborn;
  • perinatal encephalopathy;
  • artificial feeding;
  • hemolytic disease of newborns;
  • congenital heart diseases.

Hypoplasia of infant teeth is observed in almost half of children suffering from any chronic allergic diseases or diseases that occur with a metabolic disorder that occur in the first months of the baby’s life.

Hypoplasia of permanent teeth can occur in a child under the influence of the following factors:

  • severe childhood infectious diseases;
  • suppurative diseases and pneumonia;
  • severe leaking exudative diathesis and other manifestations of allergy;
  • diseases of the digestive system;
  • rickets;
  • kidney disease;
  • Iron-deficiency anemia;
  • Thyroid gland diseases.

Hypoplasia of the teeth can be systemic – when several teeth are ill at once, or local, when only one tooth is affected.

Hypoplasia of tooth enamel can be recognized by the following symptoms:

  • change in the color of the enamel of the affected teeth;
  • underdevelopment of enamel;
  • complete absence of enamel, on some single site or on the entire surface of the tooth.

An easy degree of hypoplasia of the enamel of the baby teeth is expressed in the appearance on the tooth surface of white, sometimes with a yellowish tinge, spots that have the same size and clearly delineated boundaries. Exactly the same manifestations have hypoplasia of the enamel of permanent teeth.

The disease of moderate severity, as a rule, is expressed by the following signs:

  • Wavy enamel – when examining the tooth surface, small rollers and indentations are found on it.
  • Point enamel – in the layer of the tooth enamel there are pinholes.
  • Boricle enamel – on the crown of the tooth there is a single transverse groove.
  • Stair enamel – differs from grooved in that there are several transverse depressions.

О admin

x

Check Also

Detailed pregnancy calendar by week, by month

Detailed pregnancy calendar by week, by month The interest of expectant mothers in the detailed ...

Preparation for childbirth: what you need to know

Preparation for childbirth Childbirth is one of the periods in a woman’s life, which takes ...

Preparation for conception: analyzes and examinations of a future mother

Preparation for conception: analyzes and examinations of a future mother Every woman dreams of becoming ...

Pitfalls interview

17 questions that you will be asked at the interview Someone perceives job search as ...

On what grounds to recognize an early pregnancy, its causes and harm

Signs of an early pregnancy The fact that just a few decades seemed like something ...

Pneumonia in pregnancy

Pneumonia in pregnancy Pregnancy is perhaps the most crucial period in the life of every ...

Routine examinations during pregnancy: when to see a doctor

Routine examinations during pregnancy: when to see a doctor When you learn the happiest news ...

Pregnancy planning, X-ray and fallopian tubes

Pregnancy planning, X-ray and fallopian tubes People meet, people fall in love, get married … ...

Planning a pregnancy with a man: taking tests, visiting doctors, the right diet and exercise

Planning a pregnancy with a man Fruit and multiply for humans is also natural, as ...

Baking soda during pregnancy and its use

When can pregnant women take baking soda? (thrush, heartburn, toothache, treat the throat, pregnancy test ...

Nutrition during pregnancy: mineral substances, vitamins, everything about the nutrition of the future mother!

Nutrition during pregnancy The development of your baby is completely dependent on the nutrients coming ...

Nutrition during pregnancy: diet, early meals, nutrition in the second and third trimester

Eat during pregnancy correctly Proper nutrition during pregnancy is the key to the full development ...

Nutrition of pregnant women

Nutrition of pregnant women Most of the tips that one has to hear about a ...

Pinosol during pregnancy

Pinosol during pregnancy: instructions for use In the period of bearing a child, a woman ...

Peeling during pregnancy: types of peeling, folk recipes for masks for peeling

Exfoliation during pregnancy Pregnancy is an amazing and joyful condition. But, unfortunately, sometimes during this ...

Pigmentation in pregnancy: the causes and types of pigmentation during pregnancy and whether it can be avoided

Pigmentation during pregnancy Many women in anticipation of the baby are faced with such an ...

Peaches in Pregnancy

Peaches in Pregnancy For sure, everyone agrees that peaches are unusually tasty and healthy fruits. ...

Mood swings and irritability in a pregnant woman: what are they caused and how to relieve them?

Mood swings during pregnancy Frequent mood swings – most pregnant women face them. Literally within ...

Migrated pregnancy: signs, diagnosis, prevention

What you need to know about a delayed pregnancy? Why, when the gestation period is ...

Before delivery: 4 tips that will create the right mindset

Before delivery: 4 tips that will create the right mindset The main four factors that ...

The first screening for pregnancy: how to prepare?

Preparing for the first meeting with the baby or why you need uzi Uzi – ...

First month of pregnancy: sensations, signs and size of the abdomen

1st month of pregnancy: what happens to the body of a woman The first month ...

The first signs of pregnancy are all ways to determine conception before delay

How to determine pregnancy before delay: early signs, folk methods Pregnancy cardinally changes the female ...

The first screening ultrasound in pregnancy

The first screening ultrasound in pregnancy The first screening ultrasound in pregnancy is prescribed by ...