Главная 7 Pregnancy 7 Hygiene of pregnant women

Hygiene of pregnant women

Hygiene of pregnant women – what to look for?

10 lunar or obstetric months, 40 weeks or 280 days – this is the average duration of pregnancy. This time is enough for the fetus to have its organs and systems formed and ready to perform functions outside the mother’s tummy. It is enough for him and his mother to prepare for childbirth and motherhood.

Truth is banal – these 40 weeks, the future mother should live with all the recommendations of the doctor, in order to maintain their health and give birth to a full-term healthy baby.

Observance of hygiene in all its diversity is the most important task of a pregnant woman, whose body is subjected to additional stress. Hygiene of work and leisure, food hygiene, personal hygiene – are of great importance for the normal course of pregnancy, childbirth, sufficient lactation in the future.

Since the times of going to kindergarten we know how often it is necessary to wash hands, and how important nail care is – they are the main store of bacteria. Therefore, we shall omit the discussion of this question.

Sanitation of the oral cavity should be done at the stage of preparation for pregnancy, or in the first months of pregnancy. Dental caries is the source of infection for the entire body. And the reduced immunity of a pregnant woman in combination with carious teeth can turn into a serious infection in any organ.

At least twice a week you need to take a shower, the rest of the days you can wipe yourself with water at room temperature with a towel soaked in it. To wash external genitals it is necessary twice a day with warm water without soap. Soap foam removes from the surface a useful flora, overdrying the mucous, making it vulnerable to bacteria and easily traumatized.

The bath can lead to an increase in the temperature in the pelvic area and then to the termination of pregnancy, so it should be abandoned for a fairly long period.

Do not ignore the mammary glands, they require preparation for the further feeding of the baby, in order to minimize the formation of cracks in the nipples, mastitis. Responsible should be to choose a bra, a comfortable model with wide straps, of natural fabrics can be found in almost any store. It is possible that for pregnancy will have to buy this wardrobe several times, taking into account the growing, pouring with each month breast. The correct size is important for breast retention, prevention of stretch marks and mastitis.

In the last weeks of pregnancy, you should purchase the most convenient model for you by the size larger, as soon as milk production begins, it will be just right.

The mammary glands, as well as the nipples, must be washed daily with warm water and soap, after which it should be wiped with a hard towel, making circular massage movements. Approximately 2 months before childbirth, nipples are actively being prepared for feeding – slices of stiff linen cloth are inserted into the bra in the nipple area, so that the skin becomes coarse and less prone to injury. With flat nipples, you can prepare them as follows: grease with vaseline oil, then grab with your thumb and forefinger and delay for 3-4 minutes. A couple of times a day for the chest recommended air baths for 10-15 minutes.

Special cream from stretch marks for greater efficiency should be applied, starting from 3-4 months of pregnancy, on moist skin, twice a day.

Take for a rule already now to take air and sun baths, after giving birth to this process, attach your baby, and will receive mutual pleasure and benefit. Air temperature with air baths within 20-25 degrees, the duration gradually increases from 5 to 30 minutes. The exposure to direct sunlight is allowed for a short period. If pregnancy proceeds without complications, and the pond is open for bathing, it is allowed to bathe in warm water for several minutes. After bathing, a wet swimsuit should be removed immediately.

Walking in the fresh air is simply vital for pregnant women. Do not be lazy to get extra oxygen, especially in the morning and before bedtime. With the onset of pregnancy, the need for a woman in oxygen increases by one-third of previous norms, and lying on the couch to make up for it will not work. Take a walk in any weather, at any time of the year!

The use of proper nutrition is one of the most favorite and zamylennye issues of all authors, so it will not go deep into it. On our site you can find detailed articles indicating useful and harmful products, caloric content of food and so on.

When choosing clothes, the future mother should be guided by the basic rule – clothes should bring a feeling of comfort!

Preference should be given to natural fabrics, all in contact with the body, especially underwear should be made from cotton fabrics. Seductive sensations in the chest, abdomen and lower extremities are unacceptable. If there is a burning sensation in the legs, fatigue, heaviness in the evening, or even in the morning, inform the doctor, these may be the first signs of varicose veins of the lower extremities, the doctor will help pick up compression stockings or stockings, determine the required level of compression.

Pay special attention to the bandage, it will relieve the spine, keep the baby from premature advancement to the exit, help to reduce the number of stretch marks. Forget about thongs – during pregnancy they promote the spread of germs from the anal area to the vulva area, increasing the risk of inflammation. Shoes should be comfortable and stable, on a wide heel up to 3 cm.

Reasonable physical activity during a normal pregnancy is not limited. As a rule, inadequate hypodynamia affects the condition of a pregnant woman (conscious decrease in movement), which leads to excessive weight gain, a decrease in muscle tone, constipation, and weakness in labor. The mode of work should be customary for a pregnant woman, and consist of periods of work and leisure. Restrictions are imposed only on lifting of weights, sharp movements and heavy psychoemotional overstrain.

Pregnant women with a 4-month period may be exempt from night shifts, overtime work, business trips. And from work with harmful production factors and lifting of gravity from the moment of establishing the fact of pregnancy.

Full rest includes 8-hour night sleep and daytime rest, lasting not less than 1.5 hours.

Sex is forbidden in the first three months of pregnancy and 2 months before the expected delivery. Restrictions can reduce the risk of infection, miscarriage and premature birth of labor.

A complete ban is imposed on alcohol and smoking. The placenta is not able to protect the baby from either wine alcohol or from toxic products of tobacco smoke. In the early stages, the violation of prohibitions leads to the development of vices and the interruption of pregnancy, late, to a delay in intrauterine development of the fetus and premature birth.

Limit visits to places of large crowds, especially in winter. Observance of simple rules, hidden under the concept of hygiene, will contribute to the favorable outcome of each pregnancy.

Hygiene of pregnant women

Diseases of pregnancy

  • Physical activity during pregnancy

  • Pregnancy and work in the office: how to combine with minimal damage to health?

  • Pregnancy: what is a strong morning weakness?

  • What you need to know about a delayed pregnancy?

  • Pregnancy and the press: advice of a specialist

  • Nutrition during pregnancy

  • The first screening ultrasound in pregnancy

  • Stretch marks during pregnancy

  • О admin


    Check Also

    Vomiting before childbirth

    Nausea and vomiting before childbirth Come the long-awaited last weeks, when a woman is preparing ...

    Calculation of ovulation

    How to calculate ovulation? To consider the time of ovulation – for many ladies this ...

    Stretch marks on the chest during pregnancy

    Stretch marks on the chest during pregnancy Pregnancy for every woman is the most wonderful ...

    Stretch marks during pregnancy: causes and how to prevent them

    Stretch marks during pregnancy: causes and how to prevent them Every woman wants to be ...

    Upset stomach during pregnancy: types, causes, prevention and treatment of stomach upset

    Stomach upset during pregnancy Diarrhea (popularly known as diarrhea), vomiting, nausea, heartburn – all these ...

    Stories about breastfeeding

    Life experience – stories about breastfeeding I did not focus on breastfeeding. Breast is – ...

    Story about pregnancy: Unplanned operation

    Story about pregnancy: Unplanned operation I honestly tried to smile to the doctor until the ...

    Early pregnancy and abortion

    Early Pregnancy – Prevention and Abortion Life is arranged in a peculiar way – someone ...

    Early pregnancy

    Early pregnancy Very young, and already with such a stomach. Walked, where only the parents ...

    Difference between childbirth

    The second birth will be easier? Women, who first came to the delivery room, are ...

    Unloading days for pregnant women

    Unloading days during pregnancy Those days when doctors could recommend a future mother to eat ...

    Fifth month of pregnancy: fetal movement, weight, belly photo

    Fifth month of pregnancy: fetal movement, weight, belly photo The fifth month falls on the ...

    Walking during pregnancy: benefits from walking and contraindications

    Walking During Pregnancy And by the silence of the alleys we go under the arm ...

    Progesterone – the norm in women

    Female hormone – progesterone The organism of the weaker sex of our universe is capable ...

    Problems with early pregnancy: the threat of miscarriage, pain in the lower back, chest and ovaries in early pregnancy

    Problems with early pregnancy Where and by whom are not only discussed the problems of ...

    Causes of early childbirth: infection, thyroid gland failure, multiple pregnancy

    Causes of early childbirth The main factor that causes early pregnancies in pregnant women is ...

    Application of Polizynax during pregnancy

    Is it possible to get pregnant polyginux Pregnancy is one of the most beautiful periods ...

    Application of quarantine during pregnancy, dosage, contraindications

    Application of quarantil during pregnancy Despite the fact that every pregnant woman watches her health ...

    Signs of pregnancy after IVF

    Signs of pregnancy after IVF What could be better than a smile of a child? ...

    Vaccination for rubella for pregnant women: when it is worth doing, with what risk is the principle of the vaccine

    Vaccination for rubella for pregnant women Rubella is a well-known infectious disease, which often affects ...

    Harbinger of genera in re-breeding

    Harbinger of genera in moles for weeks Pregnancy is always a pleasant news, but repeated ...

    Proper nutrition in pregnancy planning

    Proper nutrition in pregnancy planning Preparing for pregnancy is an event that should be approached ...

    The rights of pregnant women at work: every woman needs to know this!

    The rights of pregnant women at work: who is forewarned, is armed Pregnancy is a ...

    Why do you want to sleep during pregnancy and how to normalize the dream of a future mother

    Why do you want to sleep during pregnancy? As soon as the first anxiety about ...