How to deal with heartburn during pregnancy?
If in the expectation of a child you are tormented by heartburn, our article will help you find out the reasons for its appearance. Also we will tell you how to prevent it from occurring during pregnancy and what treatments for heartburn to choose if it still appears.
Pregnancy is a difficult test for many women. State of health during gestation of a long-awaited baby is often not the best: fatigue, nausea, headaches. During pregnancy, there are indispositions, of which you previously did not even represent. One of these unpleasant surprises is often heartburn.
It arises unexpectedly and for no apparent reason, but it is not only possible and necessary to fight against it, but there is also a real opportunity to prevent its occurrence.
Unpleasant sensations in the stomach and esophagus are aggravated with an increase in the period of pregnancy. Heartburn occurs most often in the second trimester. Many women who have experienced toxicosis, it seems to be its logical continuation. But this is far from the case, the reasons for these unpleasant symptoms are completely different.
The main cause of heartburn in all people is getting into the esophagus of gastric juice. On his way there is an obstacle – a special valve called the sphincter. In the normal state this organ rarely allows the acid to penetrate beyond its limits, but the pregnancy state is unusual in all respects.
Why there is heartburn in pregnant women
So, let’s look at the causes of heartburn in expectant mothers:
- The hormonal background of a pregnant woman undergoes significant changes. In the body, the level of progesterone sharply increases, which helps to reduce the tone of all smooth muscles, although its main goal is the uterus. Relaxation of the musculature affects the performance of the sphincter, which allows the acid to enter the esophagus.
- Also, an elevated level of progesterone interferes with the normal functioning of the muscles responsible for promoting food from the stomach to the intestine. Because of this, the digestion process increases in time, which also contributes to the occurrence of heartburn.
- The growth of the uterus reduces the space in the abdominal cavity, including reduces the volume of the stomach and pushes acid into the esophagus.
- Changes in the hormonal background increase the acidity of gastric juice, which exacerbates the unpleasant sensations of heartburn.
- In the last trimester of pregnancy, the cause of heartburn often becomes the position of the fetus. The kid is already big and can not just cause heartburn with his movements, but to do it abruptly and unexpectedly. In this case, not only unpleasant sensations in the esophagus, but even nausea and vomiting are possible.