Headache in a nursing mother: a guide to medicines
How do you treat a headache? Most of us will probably reply that you just need to drink a pill.
But the nursing mother, alas, can not afford such carelessness. She needs medicines that will overcome the pain and do not harm the child at the same time.
But are there such drugs?
gynecologist, employee of the Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Moscow State Medical Stomatological University
Unfortunately, almost all pharmacological drugs penetrate into breast milk. So, any medicine that a nursing mother will take can get to the baby. If the annotation to the drug has no information about whether it can be taken during lactation, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
But there are situations when such a consultation for some reason is impossible. That the headache is not caught off guard, it is useful to learn about it as much as possible, as well as learn more about the drugs designed to eliminate this unpleasant symptom.
The headache is different – constant and paroxysmal, strong and not very, unexpected and slowly developing, increasing; sometimes it appears as a boring background or falls on a person with such bouts, in which it seems that the very existence is no longer possible. In addition, the head can only ache in one area (for example, in the temporal region), and may be covered with pain all.
Complaints of a headache may be the main or only symptom in more than 40 different diseases: infections of any origin, drugs, chemicals or alcohol (for example, birth control, nitroglycerin, caffeine, household chemicals), as well as with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, depressions , hypertension (increased blood pressure), hypotension (lowering blood pressure), kidney disease, nervous system, ENT organs, eyes, etc.
One of the most common forms of headache is tension headache (70%). It arises in response to a mental overstrain that results from acute or chronic stress.
In this case, the person experiences a feeling of tightening, squeezing, helmet or hoop around the head. Typically, this pain is diffuse, mild or moderate intensity, it does not increase from physical exertion.
Occurs most often sporadically, so for its elimination, one-time intake of medications is possible.
For the treatment of headaches, analgesics (an-negation, algos-pain) are usually used, and the most famous drug of this group is analgin. However, in some countries production and sale of this drug are banned, since even its one-time use carries the potential danger of life-threatening complications such as oppression of hematopoiesis, severe kidney damage, anaphylactic shock. Therefore, during pregnancy and breastfeeding ANALGIN is contraindicated.
Analgin is also part of a large number of combined painkillers, such as SEDALGIN, PENTALGIN, TEMPALGIN etc.
In addition, they contain medicinal substances that enhance the analgesic effect. Contained in SEDALGIN phenobarbital, codeine phosphate and caffeine are dangerous to the newborn (however, as for the embryo and fetus).
Most components penetrate into breast milk. Phenobarbital can cause depression of the central nervous system in the newborn. Caffeine will add regurgitation, agitation and bad sleep.
Codeine can cause depression of the central nervous system in the child, and also disrupts the transport of milk from the alveoli (sacs) of the breast to the ducts.
In this way, any products containing these ingredients should not be used in breastfeeding.
According to the American Committee for Food Safety and Drug Administration (FDA – Food and Drug Administration), compatible with breastfeeding following analgesics: PARACETAMOL, IBUPROFEN, NAPROXEN, KETOPROFEN. Paracetamol (PANADOL, EFFERALGAN, CALPOL) Acts directed at the centers of pain in the brain. Possesses besides anesthetizing, antipyretic action.