Frozen pregnancy: causes, consequences
The diagnosis of a stopped pregnancy is made when intrauterine growth of the fetus is stopped for up to 28 weeks. The reasons can be different, from genetic pathologies, to hormonal disorders, sometimes even doctors themselves find it difficult to determine why this happens. A woman waiting for a child or planning to conceive, just in case, should know the symptoms of a dead pregnancy and the factors that contribute to it. This will help reduce the likelihood of its occurrence and take measures to prevent undesirable consequences.
A pregnancy begins, which ends with the fading of the fetus, as usual. A woman after a delay in menstruation sees a test and two strips, a blood test for hCG shows that his level is growing and confirms a fertilized egg, perhaps even begins toxicosis and there is a slight increase in the sensitivity of the breast.
There is a frozen pregnancy at any time, but gynecologists especially carefully recommend to observe the state of health and sensations in the early term during the first trimester of the waiting period of the child to 10-14 weeks. The second trimester is slightly less dangerous, but even then it’s worth keeping vigilance, especially at 16 and 19-20 weeks, when a frozen pregnancy remains probable according to statistics.
But any signs and suspicions require medical confirmation. If a woman after 19 weeks is concerned that the fetus does not move, it is better to be reinsured once again and go to a consultation with a doctor.
The causes of fetal fading early and late may be different, and not always even a histology can determine them accurately.
In the first trimester to 8 weeks of pregnancy, the most common reason that it stops is genetic. Genetic abnormality, as a rule, manifests itself early, and nature conceived the termination of pregnancy in this case. This is a rare situation, and usually the next gestation experience ends safely. But, when the frozen pregnancy repeats more than three times in a row, one can suspect the genetic incompatibility of parents.
A common cause of frozen pregnancy in the first trimester are hormonal disorders. This may be due to:
- With an excess of male hormones - androgens in women;
- With a lack of progesterone, due to which the fetus is unable to stay in the uterus.
In the first case predisposition to miscarriage helps to suspect external signs, such as excessive hairiness on the body, irregular monthly and cycle disturbance. In order to avoid problems, it is better to visit a doctor before the conception, to pass tests for hormones and in case of their imbalance to undergo treatment.
If there is a suspicion of an ectopic pregnancy, it is necessary to undergo a survey. Method of removal is incorrectly fixed.