Fetal development retardation syndrome
To determine the state of the future child and possible deviations from the norm, ultrasound is used in medicine. A woman during the period of bearing a baby undergoes similar procedures at least three times. With its help you can measure the trunk and calculate the weight of the fruit. Each pregnancy has its own length and width of body parts. In the event of a deviation in the indices, diagnose FERD. This is an abbreviation of the fetal development delay syndrome.
This disease has several medical names: hypotrophy or protein-energy deficiency. It is characterized by depletion of body mass deficit to size. The main danger lies in impaired functioning of the fetus.
To date, there are two forms of the syndrome:
With symmetric protein-energy deficiency, all parts of the body of the future child lag behind equally from the normative indications. This form occurs in 30 percent of cases in the first trimester of pregnancy. Abnormalities are determined at a period of up to 16 weeks, and most often indicate heart disease, nervous system, Down’s syndrome, a disease with a violation of amino acid metabolism.
In cases of asymmetric hypotrophy, only some organs are late in length. For example, the whole body of a child develops well, but the circumference of the abdominal cavity is smaller than it should be according to the indications. This form is observed after 20 weeks of pregnancy and accounts for 70 percent of all cases.
Deviation in older age:
- The child may later develop diabetes mellitus.
- Tendency to being overweight.
- High blood pressure.
Most babies born with a diagnosis of hypotrophy do not differ from their peers and have no pathology in their health.
Author: Marina Morgunova
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