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Edema during pregnancy: causes and risks, treatment, prevention of edema

Swelling during pregnancy

Swelling during pregnancy can cause a lot of trouble. Not only that because of them the face becomes puffy, even shoes are hard to shoe, and the wedding ring starts to crush. And if you take into account that doctors, having discovered severe swelling during pregnancy, immediately suggest going to the hospital, it becomes clear that the liquid accumulating in the tissues not only spoils the appearance and delays discomfort, but is also dangerous for health.

That’s why let’s now understand the causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention of edema.

The causes of the appearance of edema during pregnancy, can be different, most often the future moms face physiological edema. They are insignificant, occur at the end of pregnancy and at the same time are localized only in the ankle.

The reason for their appearance is the growth of the fetus and the pressure of the enlarged uterus on large blood vessels. In particular, on a small and large vena cava.

As a result of such physiological changes in the woman’s body stagnation of venous blood is formed, trophic tissue is disrupted, and hence the accumulation of excess fluid. If a woman at the same time leads a sedentary lifestyle and does not follow a diet, then not only her legs swell during pregnancy, but varicose veins also develop.

However, most often physiological edemas disappear after childbirth and do not leave negative consequences.

Another cause of fluid accumulation in tissues is systemic diseases. Disorders of the liver, kidneys and cardiovascular system lead to the appearance of swelling.

In this case, the disease that caused swelling, can be both chronic, which the woman was aware of even during pregnancy planning, and again acquired.

Well, finally, the most unpleasant cause of edema is late toxicosis, also called gestosis. This pathology of pregnancy is most dangerous, both for the health and life of the future mother and her child.

What threat carries the gestosis, we’ll talk a little later, but for now let’s learn how to recognize swelling. After all, it is through this that you will be able to call the doctor in time and find out from him what to do with swelling during pregnancy.

Often the symptoms of puffiness are easy to identify. For example, swelling of the legs during pregnancy can be detected if you lightly press on the front side of the shin. If there is excess fluid in the tissues, a small dent will remain in place of the pressure, which will not immediately disappear.

Also, on the puffiness of the legs, the trace from the sock eraser appearing slightly higher than the ankle joint appears in the evening.

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