Ectopic pregnancy: all about early signs and ways to diagnose pathology
According to statistics, in about 1-2% of cases, a fertilized egg does not enter the uterine cavity and is anchored in the wrong place. Developing ectopic pregnancy excludes the possibility to bear and give birth to a child and can threaten the life of the mother in the absence of timely medical care.
Pathology develops when a fetal egg for some reason grows into the tissues of the internal organs of a woman. The process is dangerous because it can not always be diagnosed early and start treatment.
Depending on the location of the egg cell, four types of ectopic pregnancy are distinguished with various symptoms and consequences for the female body:
- Tubular. Most often this type of disorder is diagnosed. Pathology develops when a fertilized egg can not exit the fallopian tubes, growing to their walls. It usually ends with a miscarriage in the first trimester, but the fetal egg can continue to develop, provoking the rupture of the tube and the need for emergency surgical intervention.
- Ovary. It is diagnosed in every 100 cases. If a mature egg does not leave the follicle and was fertilized before ovulation, the embryo is fixed in the ovaries. For ultrasound specialists, such a disorder will look like a small tumor. In the absence of medical care in a few weeks, the ovary will burst, damaging the surrounding vessels, and the fetus will die.
- Cervical and cervical-cervical. This type of ectopy is diagnosed in only 0.3% of cases. Zygote successfully leaves the follicle and fallopian tubes, but can not gain a foothold in the uterine cavity due to the pathological condition of the endometrium or the ovum itself. There is implantation of the fetal egg in the cervical canal or isthmus, leading to severe inflammation and bleeding. In severe cases, removal of the uterus is required.
- Abdominal. There is a probability of 1: 300 that an ectopic pregnancy will begin to develop according to this scenario. There are two variants of the development of events. In the first case, the egg enters the abdominal cavity and is fertilized there. In the second case, miscarriage occurs, but the embryo is fixed repeatedly on the internal organs of the patient. At the initial stages, ectopy is difficult to diagnose. Usually, the problem becomes known when there are ruptures and squeezing the peritoneal organs.