Diseases of the cardiovascular system. Manifestation in the oral cavity
Analyzing the structure of diseases of the internal organs of man, diseases of the cardiovascular system occupy a leading position, especially in a certain age category.
The closest relationship between the pathologies of the heart and respiratory organs, the digestive tract, kidney pathologies is determined. Changes can be seen in the oral cavity – necrosis of the mucosa, long healing wounds, bleeding and so on.
All changes in the mouth when the cardiovascular system is disturbed are due to the severity of circulatory disorders and vascular damage.
Compensated forms of cardiovascular insufficiency are characterized by specific symptoms in the mouth.
During the disease, the mucous pale, in the region of the palatine arch, acquires a cyanotic hue, which is also expressed on the lips and adjacent tissues.
Characterized by swelling of the cheeks, tongue. Softness of the soft tissues causes the tuberous appearance of the cheeks. In the oral cavity, catarrhal gingivitis, various types of stomatitis, regenerating into ulcers covered with necrotic plaque are recorded.
Against the background of the pale mucosa can be seen even more pale areas, in the future, in their place develop aphthae, visually resembling small-focal necrosis.