Diabetes mellitus in pregnant women
Pregnancy is the period when a woman should carefully monitor her health. Regular visits to the women’s consultation, all kinds of tests are boring, but without them anywhere. After all, sometimes it happens that for 9 months in the body of a future mother there are changes that can not be missed. Diabetes mellitus is one of such dangers. He has certain signs that a woman does not always pay attention to. The essence of the treatment is the observance of diet, physical activity, in extreme cases it will be necessary to take insulin.
Gestational diabetes is a specific form of diabetes mellitus (DM) that develops during pregnancy, usually after 20 weeks. It arises because of a violation of the sensitivity of cells to insulin, which is due to changes in the hormonal background of the future mother. In the third trimester, a blood test for sugar is mandatory.
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed in 5-7% of all expectant mothers, but every year this figure is growing. Unlike conventional diabetes, after pregnancy it passes, but can return after a while (then diagnosed with type 2 diabetes). It can cause complications for both mother and child.