Barrier methods of contraception
In previous issues of the journal, we began to talk about methods of contraception, the history of their origin, the physiology of the reproductive system and natural methods. In this article we will talk about barrier methods of family planning.
Doctor gynecologist-endocrinologist, Cand. honey. Sciences., Tyumen
The barrier method contraception – protection from unwanted pregnancy by preventing sperm from entering the vagina or cervix mechanical (condoms, vaginal diaphragms and caps) or chemical (spermicides ) by. The combination of these two paths is called combined, for example, a combination of spermicides with diaphragms, condoms, caps, etc. There are the following types of barrier contraceptives: male – condoms, Prevention of access to sperm in the vagina and female – diaphragms, caps, spermicides, preventing the entry of sperm from the vagina into the uterine cavity.
Barrier methods contraception protect against the onset of pregnancy and from sexually transmitted diseases. These contraceptives practically do not adversely affect the body of women and men, but at the same time 10-20 times less effective than modern hormonal drugs.
The most common mechanical barrier means of contraception is CONDOMNANT. Male CONDOMINATION is a thin case, made of latex, vinyl, polyurethane, etc. Benefits:
- Fast effect.
- No effect on breastfeeding.
- Ability to use in combination with other contraceptives.
- Wide accessibility (in pharmacies and non-medical institutions).
- They are sold without a prescription and do not require medical examination before use.
- Low cost.
- Promote the involvement of men in family planning.
- The only method of family planning that provides protection from sexually transmitted diseases (only latex and vinyl).
- They can lengthen the erection time and time before ejaculation (ejaculation).
- Can contribute to the prevention of cervical cancer by protecting the cervix from sexually transmitted microorganisms that contribute to the development of cancer. These include herpes simplex virus, papilloma virus and chlamydia.
- Low contraceptive effectiveness (3-14 pregnancies per 100 women per year), 10-20 times less effective than modern hormonal drugs.
- Requires use during each sexual intercourse
- Can reduce sexual feelings
- The need to have a sufficient supply of condoms
- Possible occurrence of allergic reactions to latex, spermicides and lubricants