The number of women who smoke during pregnancy amazes me incredibly. Why do future moms not think so much about the consequences? But they are very global.
Difficulties with the birth of an heir
As is known, the Y chromosome, which is responsible for the birth of boys, is more sensitive to various negative influences. Therefore, according to research scientists, in women who smoke, boys are born 2 times less often than girls, due to fetal fetal death.
The little man, who has not even had time to come into the world, is already actively smoking, because most of the components of tobacco smoke directly enter his body. Even the placenta can not detain nicotine, radioactive elements and other hazards.
In addition, maternal blood enters the fetus, so the concentration of harmful substances in its blood is not less than that of the mother.
The child is doomed to problems with reproductive function
Smoking leads to oxygen starvation of the organs of the unborn child, and one of the most sensitive to oxygen deficiency is the reproductive system. By the way, again boys suffer the most.
The development of nicotine dependence in a child
The future mother smokes a cigarette not alone, she shares it with her baby, therefore all active substances contained in tobacco smoke penetrate the children’s organism without any problems. In the future, such a child becomes a smoker much more often, and at a rather young age.
High risk of miscarriage and fetal death
Smoking suffers from the placenta. This happens in any case, just the scale of the disease may be different.
The most common problems include:
1. Placental abruption. Few women who smoke have a 25% higher risk of detachment than non-smokers. For chain smokers, this figure is already 65%.
2. Placenta previa. Quite often, in women with this harmful habit, the placenta appears not where it should be: above the cervix, and not on one of its walls. In this case, childbirth is very difficult, with large blood loss.
3. Miscarriage. In women who smoke during pregnancy, miscarriages occur 2 times more often. The reason lies in the oxygen starvation of the placenta and fetus.
As the fetus receives nutrients and oxygen in limited quantities, it begins to develop worse. Therefore, if non-smokers newborn children weigh an average of 3 kg and their height is 50 cm, then in children of smokers, these figures are less by about 20-30%.
Not so long ago proved the link between smoking and defects of the face of a child. Most often there are defects of the sky. At best, the baby is born with a cleft lip (when the front part of the upper jaw does not grow together), and at worst – with a wolf’s mouth (when both halves of the sky do not grow together).
Defects of legs are also associated with smoking, for example, horse foot, Down syndrome, hypoplasia of various organs, etc.
As for me, any of these points is a good reason to quit smoking during pregnancy.