During pregnancy, expectant mothers have to pass a bunch of tests and undergo many examinations. I think very few women do not encounter new terms in such situations. For me, one of them was the notion of fetal CTG.
CTG of the fetus is one of the ways to assess the condition of the baby during pregnancy. It stands for cardiotocography. This method allows you to simultaneously record the heart rate of the baby and the tone of the uterus. Apply it during pregnancy and childbirth.
The CTG procedure is absolutely painless and safe for both mother and child. It is held after 32 weeks of pregnancy. The results combined with other examinations and analyzes allow you to monitor the condition of the baby and identify deviations.
I ran into CTG at 37 weeks gestation. At the reception in the antenatal clinic, my blood pressure jumped, and as a result, I was immediately sent to the hospital by an ambulance. There, they told me to change clothes and immediately go to the procedure.
How is this examination carried out
The equipment is a small plastic box with a paper tape coming out. To this device using a cord attached belt with sensors that record the readings. The belt is attached to the belly of the pregnant so that the sensors are in the place of the best audibility of the baby’s heartbeat.
When the belt was installed on my gelled stomach, the nurse suggested that I sit down on a chair. The CTG procedure took about 50 minutes. During all this time I heard my little baby’s heart beating (the device was equipped with sound equipment). At the same time, graph paper appeared from a plastic box with the image of two graphs.
To my regret, the nurse, who was nearby, could not say anything about the results, because she did not understand anything. And where you can find a doctor, I did not know then. There was a commotion in the hospital, which said that a baby boom was coming. Therefore, I had no choice but to be patient and wait for a detour.
How the results are deciphered
The phrase I heard from the doctor during the rounds was: All is well. She did not want to give any explanations to the results of the survey. And I decided not to insist, since this option suited me perfectly then.
Later I had to face the fetal CTG twice more. The second examination was a week after the first. It was no different from the previous one. The same place, the same time, and the same results.
And the third CTG I did before the very birth. There was no question about any chair then, the whole body ached, so I could not sit. It took about an hour to stand near the table with the device and wait for it all to end.
But it was the last survey that gave me the opportunity to find out how the results were deciphered. The new doctor turned out to be more sociable, so after giving birth everything was explained to me.
It turned out that the resulting graphs carry information on several indicators. Further, all these indicators are added to a single point system, according to which conclusions are drawn.
The general indicator from 9 to 12 points says that the baby is OK, his condition is normal.
6-8 points indicate signs of suffering of the fetus, that is, the presence of hypoxia (oxygen starvation). In this case, a repeated procedure is required CTG.
If the overall figure is 5 points or less, this indicates a pronounced oxygen starvation. In such situations, hospitalization of the pregnant woman or delivery is required.