Vaccinations for newborns from hepatitis B
Hepatitis refers to dangerous diseases, from which, fortunately, there is a vaccine. But this vaccine is able to prevent the disease, but if the disease nevertheless overtakes the child, then more serious methods of treatment are needed. In addition to the danger, hepatitis B can also grow into a chronic form, which means that it is almost impossible to get rid of the virus. At newborns the organism is very weak, therefore infection with a virus of a hepatitis leads to that the form of disease practically at once passes in chronic. This is very dangerous, since the recurrence of the disease will manifest itself throughout life. As a result, the formation of cancer cells is not ruled out, which even in the age of high technologies are not treated. Thus, vaccination against hepatitis B newborn is mandatory in order to get rid of infection with the virus. But here it is worth highlighting another problem. After all, at the moment the parents are categorically against vaccinating their baby, justifying it by the fact that the vaccine negatively affects the health of the child and causes jaundice in him. Whether it is true or not, and why it is necessary to get an inoculation from hepatitis B at an early age, we will try to tell you as much detail as possible.
Hepatitis B belongs to a group of viral diseases, which are mainly able to have a negative effect on the liver. In the course of prolonged dwelling of the virus in the body, the probability of formation of cancer cells arises. Symptoms of the disease are very diverse: it can be both an acute manifestation of pain and an asymptomatic course.
The first inoculation from hepatitis B to newborns is carried out almost immediately after birth. The schedule for the introduction of the first vaccine is as follows:
First: on the second day after birth.
The second: in a month.
Third: in five to six months.
Similarly, vaccination is done at 5-7 and 20 years. That is, each stage includes three inoculations.
Where does the injection against a dangerous ailment come in? The vaccination against hepatitis B in newborns is done primarily by intramuscular injection into the thigh. Why the hip? In newborns, the femoral part is well developed and has muscle fibers. So, the injection directly enters the muscle and is quickly absorbed by the body. In a more adult age (5.7 or 20 years), the injection is injected into the shoulder region.
Where is it not recommended to vaccinate? It is not advisable to perform this action in the gluteus muscles, since they have a solid layer of adipose tissue. To get to the muscle, you need a long needle, and this can lead to damage to the nerve tissue.