Thrush in children
Thrush in children is a fungal disease with damage to the mucous membranes of the oral cavity (or, in other words, mucosal candidiasis). The most common thrush in newborns and in infants. This disease has received the name for characteristic manifestations – a white coating on the mucous membranes similar to sour milk.
The yeast-like fungus of the genus Candida causes yeast infection. This is a conditionally pathogenic microorganism, that is, these fungi are constantly present on the oral mucosa in a small amount and normally a useful microflora suppresses this fungus and the disease does not develop.
But, in an unfavorable confluence of circumstances can lead to the disease.
Newborn children, most often, get this fungus when passing through the mother’s birth canal (as this fungus also lives on the mucous membrane of the vagina) or is infected during the first days of life (through the mother’s breast, care items). Once on the mucous membrane, the fungus begins to multiply and, with the addition of unfavorable factors, leads to the appearance of the disease with the development of characteristic clinical symptoms.
There are a number of predisposing factors for the development of candidiasis:
It is recommended to take probiotics to prevent the development of candidiasis with lesions of the gastrointestinal tract and skin (especially lesions of the skin in the anal area, since the fungus exits with feces and sows the skin).
Folk methods are most effective for mild forms of the disease. So for the treatment use herbal decoctions and tinctures from chamomile pharmacy, sage, calendula.
Treatment of thrush should be done after consultation and under the supervision of a doctor.
Use with the preventive purpose of antifungal drugs (nystatin, flucanazole) is justified under the following conditions:
- Prolonged use of antibiotic therapy (more than 2 weeks);
- Prolonged use of parenteral nutrition (more than 7 days);
- Performing artificial lung ventilation for more than 5 days;
- Catheterization of central vessels more than 5-7 days;
- Conducting cavitary surgical interventions;
- Neutropenia in the blood.
- After feeding, give the child a few sips of warm boiled water;
- Before feeding, treat the breast and nipples for bottles and bottles. Sterilize the nipples, bottles;
- Keep all objects that the child touches clean. During illness, treat toys, teats with a solution of soda. If there are pets, they must be thoroughly washed.
- Candidiasis of the mucous membranes, as a rule, proceeds without complications and is easily treatable. In acute course, the reverse development of symptoms occurs within 7-14 days, with prolonged course of the disease can last for a month.