OAB of the heart in newborns
The most dangerous complications of pregnancy include a variety of congenital anomalies. It is to identify and (if possible) prevent congenital malformations of the future mother repeatedly visits ultrasound. Ultrasound can detect many vices, so the conclusion of a specialist about compliance with the standard calms the future parents. However, there are defects that can not be detected before birth in principle. Such pathologies include the open arterial duct (oap), the 5th most frequent of all existing congenital heart defects.
The arterial (Botallov) duct is a small vessel located on the lower anterior surface of the aortic arch. The child before the moment of birth arterial duct connects the pulmonary trunk and the aorta, being a link in the embryonic circulation.
The baby’s lungs do not function until they are born, they are asleep and contain a liquid, so a significant mass of blood from the pulmonary artery is sent not to the lungs, but to the arch of the aorta through the arterial duct.
In the pulmonary artery, blood is supplied by the right ventricle. The arterial duct, through the discharge of excess blood, helps to protect the right ventricle from overloading, which is created by high resistance in the asleep lungs. Intrauterine closure of the arterial duct in a child is fraught with the development of right ventricular failure.
If you suspect a pneumonia in your child, you should immediately begin treatment. The mild form of pneumonia is just below.