Omphalitis in newborns
Umbilical wound – one of the vulnerabilities of a newborn child, since it can become an entrance gate for infection. Inflammation of the skin and underlying tissues in the navel is called omphalitis.
It is accepted to distinguish several clinical forms of omphalitis: catarrhal omphalitis, purulent, phlegmonous, necrotic, fungus. In those cases when the infection spreads to the umbilical vessels speak of phlebitis (lesions of the veins) and arteritis (arterial damage).
The causative agents of omaflite can be both Gram-positive (staphylococcus, streptococcus), and Gram-negative microorganisms (E. coli, Proteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa).
Predisposing factors: defects in care and processing of the umbilical wound, various manipulations in the umbilical cord region (umbilical catheter installation, probing and others).
A bit about the umbilical wound
Usually, the umbilical cord falls off for 3-4 days of life of the baby, after which the umbilical wound is covered with a bloody crust, which gradually dries up. He heals the umbilical wound to the 10-14th day of life, that is, complete epithelialization takes place (covering with a thin layer of epithelium that lines the entire surface of the body).
With a timely begun treatment, the prognosis for recovery is favorable. But, the children who underwent omphalitis, in the future are prone to the development of portal hypertension.
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